Practice Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# World Geography MCQs on Earth for Competitive Exams

### Objective questions on Earth – Geography MCQs

If you are preparing for UPSC, state PSC and other competitive examinations, you are at right place. We have compiled important and regularly appearing world geography multiple choice questions on Earth for you practice. The objective questions with answers on earth covers very important topic of Geography. Click on answer tab to view right answer and check your answer. World Geography MCQs on Earth for Competitive Exams will help you in improving your ranking in all competitive exams.

1. For a time difference of two hours, the longitudinal distance will be equal to ________.
A. 15°
B. 30°
C. 45°
D. 60°

Explanation : One hour of time difference corresponds to 15° of longitude (360°/24 hours = 15°/hour). Therefore, For a time difference of two hours, he longitudinal distance will be equal to 30°.

2. When it is 12 noon at Greenwich, what is the time at New York (74° W) ?
A. 4.56 p.m.
B. 4.56 a.m.
C. 7.04 p.m.
D. 7.04 a.m.

Explanation : Greenwich is 4 hours ahead of New York, NY, USA. Greenwich mean time (GMT) = 12 noon every 1° is equal to 4 minutes. therefore, 74° = 74×4 = 296 minutes. Therefore, When it is 12 noon at Greenwich, the time at New York (74° W) is 7.04 a.m.

3. What is the difference between the Local time and Greenwich time one degree longitude?
A. 2 minutes
B. 4 minutes
C. 6 minutes
D. 8 minutes

Explanation : The time difference between each longitude (each degree) is 4 minutes. So if it is 12 noon at Greenwich (0 degree), it would be 12:04 pm at 1 degree meridian and so on.

4. The distance between the earth and the sun is smallest in the month of ________
A. January
B. March
C. June
D. September

Explanation : In January Earth makes its closest approach to the Sun for the year.

5. Which one of the following would have occurred if the earth had not been inclined on its own axis?
A. All the seasons would have been of same duration
B. The seasons would not have changed
C. The summers would have been of longer duration
D. The winters would have been of longer duration

Explanation : If the Earth weren’t tilted on its axis, there would be no seasons. The season would remain same.

6. Insolation heats up the land masses more quickly than the water bodies because ________
A. Water is liquid
B. Landmasses are solid
C. Water needs more energy to get warm
D. Rocks are bad conductors of heat

Explanation : This is due to the fact that most land surfaces are darker than water which of course means more absorption of solar radiation and heat. Since land absorbs more solar radiation the land surface retains more heat as do the vegetation for energy. Thus, land surfaces warm more quickly than water.

7. Which of these statements are correct?
1. Prime Meridian passes through Greenwich and is at 0° Longitude.
2. International Date Line, on the map appears as a straight line along 180° Longitude.
3. While crossing International Date Line from east to west, one gains a day.
4. Tropic of Cancer lies at Latitude.

A. 1 2 3 and 4
B. 1 2 and 4
C. 1 and 3
D. 1 and 4