Practice Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

MCQs on Buddhism and Jainism for UPSC, SSC, IBPS etc

Objective Questions with Answers on Buddhism and Jainism for Practice

Are you preparing for UPSC, SSC, IBPS, or any other competitive examinations? You must know that questions on religion, religious practices and religious learders are regularly asked. We have compiled objective multiple choice questions with answers for your practice on Buddhism and Jainism. Take full advantage of free resources on

1. The language in which Buddha preached?
A. Hindi
B. Urdu
C. Pali
D. Hebrew


Answer: Option C
Explanation : According to Pali Canon, Buddha taught in local or folks language. He avoided the scholars’ language, i.e. Sanskrit.

2. What was the name of the mother of Abhinandannath Tirthankar?
A. Vijaya
B. Tara
C. Siddharta Devi
D. Marudevi


Answer: Option C
Explanation : Abhinandananatha or Abhinandana Swami was the fourth Tirthankara of the present age (Avasarpini). He is said to have lived for 50 lakh purva. He was born to King Sanvara and Queen Siddhartha at Ayodhya in the Ikshvaku clan.

3. Which is the ultimate goal of education in Jainism?
A. Non-violence
B. Renunciation
C. Moksha
D. Voluntary promotion of human welfare


Answer: Option C
Explanation : In Jainism, moksha is the highest and the noblest objective that a soul should strive to achieve. In fact, it is the only objective that a person should have; other objectives are contrary to the true nature of soul. With the right view, knowledge and efforts all souls can attain this state. That is why Jainism is also known as mokṣamārga or the “path to liberation”.

4. Gautam Buddha as a prince was known as
A. Gautam
B. Siddhartha
C. Rahul
D. Suddhodhana


Answer: Option B
Explanation : The Buddha, or “enlightened one,” was born Siddhartha (which means “he who achieves his aim”) Gautama to a large clan called the Shakyas in Lumbini, (today, modern Nepal) in the 6th century B.C.

5. Ashoka was much influenced by Buddhist monk called
A. Upagupta
B. Vasubandhu
C. Ambhi
D. Asvagosha


Answer: Option A
Explanation : Upagupta was a Buddhist monk. According to some stories in the Sanskrit text Ashokavadana, he was the spiritual teacher of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka.

6. The monolithic image of Jain Saint ‘Gomatiswara’ is at __________
A. Mount Abu
B. Saravanabelgola
C. Kusinagara
D. Kalinga


Answer: Option B
Explanation : Gommateshwara Statue is a 57-foot (17 m) high monolithic statue located on Vindyagiri at Shravanbelagola in the Indian state of Karnataka. Vindyagiri Hill is one of the two hills in Shravanabelagola; the other is Chandragiri, which is also a seat of several ancient Jain centers, much older than Gommateshwara statue.

7. Who among the following rulers had embraced Jainism?
A. Chandragupta Maurya
B. Bindusara
C. Ajatashatru
D. Pulakesin


Answer: Option A
Explanation : Chandragupta Maurya embraced Jainism towards the end of his life and stepped down from the throne in favour of his son Bindusara.

8. Under which tree Sumtinath Tirthankar received Kaivalya Gyan?
A. Devdar
B. Neem
C. Priyangu
D. Vat


Answer: Option C
Explanation : Under Priyangu tree Sumtinath Tirthankar received Kaivalya Gyan.