Heat Transfer MCQ’s – Solar Radiations
1 - Question
The heat energy absorbed by a known area in a fixed time is determined with the help of an instrument called
c) Thermometric well
d) Any instrument
Explanation: The effects of absorption by the atmosphere are eliminated by finding the value of the solar constant at various altitudes of the sun on the same day.
2 - Question
The observed solar constant S0, the true solar constant S and the angular elevation Z of the sun are related by the expression
a) S0 =S a SEC Z
b) S0 =2 S a SEC Z
c) S0 =3 S a SEC Z
d) S0 =4 S a SEC Z
Explanation: From the straight line graph between log S0 along y-axis and sec Z along x-axis, the intercept log S on the y-axis is found.
3 - Question
The value of solar constant varies between
a) 1123 and 1237 W/m2
b) 1345 and 1453 W/m2
c) 1987 and 2346 W/m2
d) 1335 and 1815 W/m2
Explanation: When the sun lies at a mean distance from the earth, the heat flux from the sun to the outer edge of the atmosphere has been found to be 1350 W/m2.
4 - Question
he total amount of heat energy received by the sphere of radius r is
a) 2 π R2 S
b) 6 π R2 S
c) 4 π R2 S
d) π R2 S
Explanation: Area of sphere is 4 π R2.
5 - Question
Amount of heat energy radiated by unit surface of the sun in the same time workout as Take, R = mean distance of earth from the sun and r = radius of sun
a) E = π R2 S/4 π R2
b) E = 4 π R2 S/4 π R2
c) E = 4 π R2
d) E = 4 π R2 S
Explanation: It is the ratio of 4 π R2 S to 4 π R2
6 - Question
Temperature of sun can be workout from
a) Wein’s displacement law
b) Stefan-Boltzmann law
c) Kirchhoff’s law
d) All of the Mentioned
Explanation: (Wavelength) MAX T = 2-89 * 10 -3 m K.
7 - Question
The temperature of the photosphere, referred to as the effective temperature of the sun, is usually taken as
a) 3000 K
b) 4000 K
c) 5000 K
d) 6000 K
Explanation: The sun consists of a central hot portion surrounded by the photosphere.
8 - Question
The approximate distribution of the flow of sun’s energy to the earth’s surface is
a) 53% is reflected back to space
b) 53% is transmitted to the earth
c) 9% is scattered
d) 22% is absorbed in the atmosphere
Explanation: 33% is reflected back to space, 15% is absorbed in the atmosphere and 43% is transmitted to the earth.
9 - Question
The solar radiation that is felt at the earth’s surface includes (i) Direct radiation that has passed through the atmosphere (ii) Diffuse radiation from the sky (iii) Absorbed radiation from the water Identify the correct statement
a) i only
b) i and ii
c) i, ii and iii
d) ii and iii
Explanation: Option (iii) must be reflected radiation from water.
10 - Question
When the sun lies at a mean distance from the earth, the heat flux from the sun to the outer edge of the atmosphere has been found to be
a) 2350 W/m2
b) 3350 W/m2
c) 4350 W/m2
d) 1350 W/m2
Explanation: 47% of this would reach the earth’s surface.