# Heat Transfer MCQ’s – Effect of Variable Conductivity

1 - Question

With variable thermal conductivity, Fourier law of heat conduction through a plane wall can be expressed as

a) Q = -k0 (1 + β t) A d t/d x

b) Q = k0 (1 + β t) A d t/d x

c) Q = – (1 + β t) A d t/d x

d) Q = (1 + β t) A d t/d x

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Answer: aExplanation: Here k0 is thermal conductivity at zero degree Celsius.

2 - Question

The inner and outer surfaces of a furnace wall, 25 cm thick, are at 300 degree Celsius and 30 degree Celsius. Here thermal conductivity is given by the relation K = (1.45 + 0.5 * 10-5 t2) KJ/m hr deg Where, t is the temperature in degree centigrade. Calculate the heat loss per square meter of the wall surface area?

a) 1355.3 kJ/m2 hr

b) 2345.8 kJ/m2 hr

c) 1745.8 kJ/m2 hr

d) 7895.9 kJ/m2 hr

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Answer: cExplanation: Q = -k A d t/d x, Q d x = – k A d t = – (1.45 + 0.5 * 10-5 t2) A d t. Integrating over the wall thickness δ, we get Q = 436.45/0.25 = 1745.8 kJ/m2 hr.

3 - Question

A plane wall of thickness δ has its surfaces maintained at temperatures T1 and T2. The wall is made of a material whose thermal conductivity varies with temperature according to the relation k = k0 T2. Find the expression to work out the steady state heat conduction through the wall?

a) Q = 2A k0 (T 1 3 – T 2 3)/3 δ

b) Q = A k0 (T 1 3 – T 2 3)/3 δ

c) Q = A k0 (T 1 2 – T 2 2)/3 δ

d) Q = A k0 (T 1 – T 2)/3 δ

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Answer: bExplanation: Q = -k A d t/d x = k0 T2 A d t/d x. Separating the variables and integrating within the prescribed boundary conditions, we get Q = A k0 (T 1 3 – T 2 3)/3 δ.

4 - Question

The mean thermal conductivity evaluated at the arithmetic mean temperature is represented by

a) km = k0 [1 + β (t1 – t2)/2].

b) km = k0 [1 + (t1 + t2)/2].

c) km = k0 [1 + β (t1 + t2)/3].

d) km = k0 [1 + β (t1 + t2)/2].

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Answer: dExplanation: At arithmetic mean temperatures i.e. (t1 + t2)/2

5 - Question

With respect to the equation k = k0 (1 +β t) which is true if we put β = 0?

a) Slope of temperature curve is constant

b) Slope of temperature curve does not change

c) Slope of temperature curve increases

d) Slope of temperature curve is decreases

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Answer: aExplanation: As temperature profile is linear so it is constant

6 - Question

The accompanying sketch shows the schematic arrangement for measuring the thermal conductivity by the guarded hot plate method. Two similar 1 cm thick specimens receive heat from a 6.5 cm by 6.5 cm guard heater. When the power dissipation by the wattmeter was 15 W, the thermocouples inserted at the hot and cold surfaces indicated temperatures as 325 K and 300 K. What is the thermal conductivity of the test specimen material?

a) 0.81 W/m K

b) 0.71 W/m k

c) 0.61 W/m K

d) 0.51 W/m K

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Answer: bExplanation: Q = k A (t 1 – t 2)/δ. So, k = 0.71 W/m K.

7 - Question

If β is greater than zero, then choose the correct statement with respect to given relation k = k0 (1 +β t)

a) k doesn’t depend on temperature

b) k depends on temperature

c) k is directly proportional to t

d) Data is insufficient

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Answer: cExplanation: k increases with increases temperature.

8 - Question

The unit of thermal conductivity doesn’t contain which parameter?

a) Watt

b) Pascal

c) Meter

d) Kelvin

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Answer: bExplanation: Its unit is W/m K.

9 - Question

The temperatures on the two sides of a plane wall are t1 and t2 and thermal conductivity of the wall material is prescribed by the relation K = k0 e (-x/δ) Where, k0 is constant and δ is the wall thickness. Find the relation for temperature distribution in the wall?

a) t 1 – t x / t 1 – t 2 = x

b) t 1 – t x / t 1 – t 2 = δ

c) t 1 – t x / t 1 – t 2 = δ/x

d) t 1 – t x / t 1 – t 2 = x/δ

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Answer: dExplanation: Q = -k A d t/d x = -k0 e (-x/δ) d t/d x. Separating the variables and upon integration, we get Q/k0 A = (t 1 – t 2)/ δ (e – 1). Therefore heat transfer through the wall, Q = k0 A (t 1 – t 2)/ δ (e – 1). At x = x and t = t x we get the answer.

10 - Question

“If β is less than zero, then with respect to the relation k = k0 (1 + β t), conductivity depends on surface area”.

a) True

b) False