Avionics MCQs – Doppler Radar
1 - Question
What is the primary function of the Doppler radar?
a) Determining true airspeed
b) Determining ground speed
c) Determining altitude
d) Detecting stealth aircraft
Explanation: The primary function of a Doppler radar is to determine the velocity vector of an aircraft with respect to the ground. The velocity component can be integrated into distance travelled and hence Doppler radar can be used as a primary sensor for dead reckoning.
2 - Question
The Doppler radar works by measuring the ________ of the reflected radio wave.
c) Doppler amplitude
d) Doppler shift
Explanation: the velocity is determined by measuring the Doppler shift of microwave transmitted from the aircraft in several narrow beams pointed toward the surface at relatively steep angles, backscattered by the surface and received by the Doppler radar receiver.
3 - Question
Which of the following is not true with respect to Doppler radar system?
a) Measures the ground velocity
b) Transmitter power is high and requires ground assistance
c) Velocity is extremely accurate
d) All weather system
Explanation: The Doppler system is self contained, it requires no ground based stations or satellite transmitters. The airborne transmitter power requirements are extremely small, which leads to low weight, size, and cost of equipment.
4 - Question
Doppler radar cannot be used in helicopters.
Explanation: Helicopters fly at a very slow speed where the conventional pitot tube system may fail. In order to measure accurate airspeed below 40 knots, other systems such as the Doppler radar is used. It is suitable for three dimensional velocity and low velocity measurement, as required for helicopter navigation.
5 - Question
What is the change in the observed frequency called?
a) Doppler shift
b) Differential frequency
c) Delta frequency
d) Delta shift
Explanation: In Doppler radar, there is a change in reflected frequency when there is relative motion between the transmitter and the receiver. This change in frequency is called the Doppler shift and is proportional to the relative speed between the transmitter and receiver.
6 - Question
The configuration in which the Doppler radar beams are both forward and backward looking is called as?
d) Wide beam
Explanation: Since the three orthogonal components of velocity are of interest, a minimum of three noncoplanar beams are required to measure the three components. Since such a beam configuration has both forward and rearward looking beams it is called Janus configuration, named after the roman god who has the ability to look backward as well as forward.
7 - Question
What is the number of beams that a Doppler radar uses?
Explanation: Although only three beams are required to provide the three components of velocity, most modern Doppler radars employ four beams, because of the planar array antennas generally four such beams. The fourth beam shift can be combined with that of the third to obtain a more accurate component of velocity.
8 - Question
A Janus configuration has less error than a non-Janus configuration.
Explanation: The important advantage that the Janus configuration has over the non-Janus type is a much lower sensitivity of velocity error since the vertical altitude of the aircraft is known.