Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
UPSC HISTORY MCQ-18
Gandhiji experimented with Satyagraha at
Champaran in Bihar to
A. Launch a Civil Disobedience Movement
B. Remove untouchability
C. Unite the peasants, landlords and
businessmen against the British Indian
D. Help the indigo workers.
The suppression of Indian language
newspapers under the Vernacular Press Act of
1878 was caused by the criticism of
A. inhuman approach of English officials
towards the victims of the famine of 1876-77
B. ill-treatment given to Indigo workers by their
C. lavish lifestyle of the English officials
D. misuse of religious places of India by English
Which of the following depiction(s) of
Vishnu, in stone, have been encountered at more
than one site?
1. As Anantashayana/Seshashayana
2. Standing, with his Chakrapurushas
3. In his Varaha avatara4. As Krishna
5. As Vishvarupa Select the code for correct
A. 1, 3 & 4
B. 1 & 2
C. 5 only
D. 1 & 3
Who among the following was not
associated with the formation of U.P. Kisan
Sabha in February 1918?
A. Indra Narain Dwivedi
B. Madan Mohan Malviya
C. Gauri Shankar Misra
D. Jawaharlal Nehru
Which one among the following statements
appropriately defines the term 'Drain Theory' as
propounded by Dadabhai Naoroji in his work
'Poverty and Un-British Rule in India'?
A. That the resources of India were being
utilised in the interest of Britain
B. That a part of India's national wealth or total
annual product was being exported to Britain for
which India got no material returns
C. That the British goods were being imported to
India making the country poorer day by day
D. That the British industrialists were being
given a opportunity to invest in India under the
protection of the imperial power
What was the chief programme of the
A. None of the above
B. Council entry
C. Rural reconstruction programme
D. Constitutional opposition
Which of the chronological order for the
construction of the following is correct?
1. Taj Mahal
2. Qutab Minar
3. Fatehpur Sikri
4. Agra Fort
Select the correct answer from the codes given
A. 2, 4, 1, 3
B. 2, 4, 3, 1
C. 2, 3, 4, 1
D. 1, 2, 3, 4
Why did Md-Bin-Tughlak change his capital
from Delhi to Hyderabad/Deogiri?
A. Because he wanted to punish the people of
B. Because he wanted to spread Islam in the
C. Because he wanted to escape from Mongolian
D. Because he wanted to improve trade in
Which of the following statement(s) is/ are
found to be incorrect?
I. The Arya Samaj was founded by Swami
Dayanand Saraswati in 1875 in order to reform
Hindu religion in North India.
II. The Arya Samaj mooted a slogan 'Go back to
Vedas' and emphasized that the Hindu religion
can be improved by the principles of the Vedas
III. The Arya Samaj believed in celibacy,
asceticism, a casteless society and social service
and also introduces several reforms to eradicate
untouchability, child marriage and illiteracy.
A. Only II
B. II and III
C. All are incorrect
D. All are correct
Some of the early ancient Indian
monuments/sculptures are paired with their
2. Cave Shrines at Barabar Hills-Ashoka
3. Kailash temple at Ellora-Rashtrakutas
4. Stupa at Shahji ki dheri near PeshawarKanishka Select the code for correct pairs:
A. 1, 2, 3 and 4
B. 3 and 4
C. 1 and 2
D. Only 1
The geographical knowledge of the early
Aryans did not extend beyond
'Successor States' emerged after Mughal
decline. Which of these statements concerning
them is false?
A. All the above
B. Successor states were carved out of Mughal
provinces by erstwhile governors.
C. The Successor States ensured succession of
the eldest son of the king.
D. The heads of Successor States were Mughal
The Indian states of 18th Century fought
wars of expansion against each other.
Sometimes they formed temporary alliances
against common enemies. Examine the following
statements and choose the correct one:
A. All the above
B. Nizam and the Marathas competed with each
other for control over the Deccan but often stood
together against Mysore
C. Nawab of Awadh and Rohilkhand tied up with
the Afghans against the Marathas.
D. The Maratha Sardars combined under Nana
Phadnavis against Raghunath Rao, a Marathas
The Indian National Congress was
A. W. C. Bannerjee in December 1885
B. None of the above.
C. A. O. Hume (an Englishman and a retired civil
servant) in 1885
D. S. N. Bannerjee in 1883
In which of the following places did Subhas
Chandra Bose form the Arzee Hukumat-i-Hind in
Ashoka carved out rock-cut caves at
Barabar and Nagarjun hills in Bihar for one of
Indian National Congress was founded by
A. A. O. Hume
B. W. C. Bannerjee
C. Annie Besant
D. Mahatma Gandhi
Consider the following sessions of the
Indian National Congress : The session in which
1. The Muslim League and the Indian National
Congress met jointly.
2. The Indian National Congress divided into two
3. The resolution for 'Complete Independence'
4. The Non-cooperation resolution was passed.
The correct chronological sequence of these
A. 2 - 1 - 4 - 3
D. 3 - 4 - 1 - 2
Who among the following was the Viceroy
of India at the time of the formation of Indian
A. Lord Mayo
B. Lord Ripon
C. Lord Dufferin
D. Lord Lansdowne
The capital of Gupta Empire was
Stories that were used to spread ideas
about Buddhism included:
1. Manimekalai 2. Panchatantra
3. Jatakas 4. Hitopadesha Choose the correct
A. 1 & 3
B. 1 & 2
C. 2 only
D. 2 & 4
Concerning Ram Mohan Roy, who was the
central figure in Bengal Renaissance in the 19th
Century, examine the following statements:
1. His family worshipped Vishnu.
2. His intellectual thought process was
influenced by several traditions.
3. He observed that the essence of religion is
belief in one being.
4. He based his arguments on logic
5. To prove that sati had no basis in scriptures,
he cited Upanishads Choose the code for wrong
A. 3 and 4
B. 4 and 5
C. 1 only
D. 1 and 2
Consider the following statements:
1. The 'Bombay Manifesto' signed in 1936 openly
opposed the preaching of socialist ideals.
2. It evoked support from a large , section of
business community from all across India.
Which of the statements given above is/are
A. Both 1 and 2
B. Neither 1 nor 2
C. 2 only
D. 1 only
The commercial rivalry between the Dutch
and the English in India came to an end
A. With the defeat of the Dutch at the battle of
Bedara in 1759
B. As a result of the 'Massacre at Amboyna'
C. As a result of an agreement between the
trading stations at Government of Britain and
Holland in 1609
D. Following issuance of orders granting
monopoly in favour of the British East India
Company by the Pope
Which one of the following chronological
orders of the given events is correct ?
A. The Cripps Mission – The Civil Disobedience
Movement – The Cabinet Mission's Plan
B. The Cripps Mission – The Cabinet Mission's
Plan – The Civil Disobedience Movement
C. The Civil Disobedience Movement – The
Cabinet Mission's Plan – The Cripps Mission
D. The Civil Disobedience Movement – The
Cripps Mission – The Cabinet Mission's Plan
The finest specimens of Vijaynagara
paintings has been found at
A. Harsha's Ram temple
Which of the following statements, with
respect to the Grand Old Man of India (Dadabhai
Naoroji), is correct?
A. All the above statements are true.
B. He organised the East India Association in
England in 1866.
C. He was a successful businessman and
dedicated his entire life and wealth to the
D. He showed that the poverty and economic
backwardness of India were not inherent in the
Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called
chaityas while the others viharas. What is the
difference between the two?
A. Chaityas is the stupa at the far end of the
cave while vihara is the hall axial to it
B. Chaityas is a place of worship while vihara is
the dwelling place of the monks
C. Vihara is a place of worship while chaityas is
the dwelling place of the monks
D. There is no material difference between the
Who was the heroine of the 1942 Quit
A. Sucheta Kriplani
B. Sarojini Naidu
C. Aruna Asaf Ali
D. Dr Annie Besant
Who was the Congress President when
India became free?
A. J. B. Kripalani
B. Jawaharlal Nehru
C. Sardar Patel
D. Mahatma Gandhi
During the age of the Guptas the
sculptures came to have various curves and
postures. Which of the following was the most
depicted hand gesture?
How did the Mughal Emperor Jahandar
Shah's reign come to an early end?
A. He died of sickness due to too much
consumption of wine
B. He died due to a slip while climbing down
C. He was defeated by his nephew in a battle
D. He was deposed by his Wazir
The national motto of India, 'Satyameva
Jayate' inscribed below the Emblem of India is
A. Chandogya Upanishad
B. Aitareya Upanishad
C. Katha Upanishad
D. Mundaka Upanishad
Which one among the following is correct
about the Doctrine of Lapse?
A. It made the annexation of Indian State
compulsory after the death of a ruler
B. It made the annexation of Indian State
compulsory if the adoption of heir had not been
approved by the British authorities
C. It did not allow an adopted heir to rule a state
after the death of the ruler
D. It did not allow the Indian rulers to adopt any
Match the following: List I List II
I. Harappan A. M. G. Majumder (1921)
II. Mohenjodaro B. R. D. Bannerjee (1931)
III. Chanhudaro C. Ghurey (1935)
IV. Kot Diji D. Daya Ram Sahni (1935) Codes: I II
A. D B A C
B. A C D B
C. B D C A
D. C A B D
From the point of view of places of
Buddhist pilgrimage/interest, which of the
following is the latest archaeological discovery?
A. Sanghol-a Kushana Buddhist site
B. Discovery of a Pillar indicating the actual
birth place of the Buddha, at Lumbini
C. Discovery and identification of Kapilavastu
with Piprahawa, a vi llage i n Ba sti di strict of
Ut tar Pradesh
D. Discovery of the Buddha's tooth relic at
Bharhut in M.P.
The credit of the discovery of the first
Palaeolic in India which opened the field of
prehistoric studies in the country goes to
A. H D Sankalia
B. Robert Bruce Foote
C. De Terra and Paterson
On whose recommendations was the
Constituent Assembly formed?
A. Cripps' Mission plan
B. Cabinet Mission plan
C. Government of India Act, 1935
Who is the most important God in
Which of the following dynasties had a role
in the construction and maintenance of the
Consider the following statements:
1. Kitab-I-Nauras, a collection of songs in praise
of Hindu deities and Muslim saints, was written
by Ibrahim Adil Shah II.
2. Amir Khusrau was the originator in India of
the early form of the musical style known as
Qawali. Which of these statements is/are
A. Only 2
B. Only 1
C. Neither 1 nor 2
D. Both 1 and 2
Which one of the following is not a part of
early Jains literature?
A. Acaranga sutra
D. Brihat kalpasutra
Who among the Gupta emperors in his
Bhitari and Junagarh inscriptions claimed victory
over the Hunas?
Aranyani, Goddess of the forest, is first
mentioned in the
A. Rik Samhita
B. Atharva Veda
C. Upanishadic text
D. Aranyaka texts
Which one of the following events
immediately followed the Revolt of the Sepoys in
A. Agitation against reduction of age limits for
entry into Civil Services
B. Peasant agitation against the indigo planters
C. Kuki rebellion
D. Santhal insurrection
Some important concepts related to
creation and human existence have been
1. Rta comprises the entire natural and physical
2. Purushasukta suggest a possible solution to
the fundamental cosmogenic riddle of creation
3. Chandogya Upanishada carries philosophical
speculation on the fundamental problems of
human existence. Select the code for correct
A. Only 1
B. Only 3
C. Only 2
D. 1, 2, 3
Which out of the following statement(s)
is/are found to be incorrect out of the following?
I. Siddhartha received enlightenment under a
pipal tree at Sarnath and became the Buddha.
II. Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon at
Bodh Gaya and spread his message for
approximately 40 years.
III. Lord Buddha died at the age of 80 in 487 BC
at Kushinagar in Deoria district of eastern Uttar
A. I and III
B. I, II and III.
C. I and II
D. II and III
Orthodox Hindus hold that there are six
'astika' systems of Hindu philosophy, of these
the oldest is
Examine the following statements:
1. Pratishthana, on the banks of the river
Godavari, was the capital of the Satavahana
2. Junagadh is where the famous Girnar
inscription of Rudradaman, the great Shaka
king, has been found.
3. The Mahameghavahana Chedi dynasty of
Orissa ruled in Kalinga. We know this from King
Kharavela's Hathigumpha inscription.
4. Taxila was one of the seats of Indo-Greek rule
in north-western India.
Select the code for correct statements:
A. All of them
B. 1, 3 and 4
C. 1 and 4
D. 2 and 3
With reference to the conquests of
Alaudding Khilji, which one of the following
pairs is not correctly matched?
A. Conquest of: Zafar Khan Chittor and Nusrat
B. Conquest of: Ulugh Khan Ranthambore and
C. Conquest of Jalor: Kamaluddin Gurg
D. Conquest of: Ain-ul-mulk Mandu Multani