Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Two Dimensional Flow : Laplace Equation

1 - Question

What are the types of flow head that exist at any point in a saturated soil mass?
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: When water flows through a saturated soil mass, the total head at any point in the soil mass consist of i)piezometric head or pressure head ii) the velocity y head iii)the position head.

2 - Question

The quantity of water, flowing through a saturated soil mass can be estimated by which of the following theory?
a) Flow of fluids through porous medium
b) Theoretical analysis of Laplace
c) Flow of water through saturated soil mass
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: The quantity of water flowing through a saturated soil mass, as well as the distribution of water pressure can be estimated by the theory of fluids through porous medium.

3 - Question

According to theory of flow of fluids through porous medium,the saturated porous medium is ___________
a) Compressible
b) Incompressible
c) Moderately compressible
d) Highly compressible
Explanation: The size of the pore spaces in saturated soil mass does not change with time, regardless of water pressure. Therefore the saturated porous medium is incompressible.

4 - Question

The quantity of water which flows out from any element of volume is _________ than quantity which flows out.
a) Greater
b) smaller
c) Equal
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: According to the theoretical analysis of the flow of fluids, the quantity of water flowing into any element of volume is equal to the quantity which flows out in the same length of time.

5 - Question

In the zone of soil through which water seeps, there will be ____________ change in the degree of saturation.
a) More
b) Less
c) All of the mentioned
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: There is no change in the degree of saturation in the zone of soil through which water seeps.

6 - Question

The path along which, the individual particles of water seep through the soil are ___________
a) Stream lines and Flow lines
b) Equipotential lines
c) None of the mentioned
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: The direction of seepage is always perpendicular to the equipotential line. But both equipotential line and stream line (flow line) is mutually orthogonal. So the individual particle of the water seep through stream line.

7 - Question

The solution of velocity potential φ can be obtained by which of the following methods?
a) Analytical methods
b) Graphical methods
c) Experimental methods
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: Solution for velocity potential equation can be obtained from analytical, graphical and experimental methods which give two sets of curves.

8 - Question

The loss of head per unit distance in soil is called ___________
a) Velocity potential
d) Stream function
Explanation: The loss of head or the dissipation of the hydraulic head per unit distance of flow through the soil is called hydraulic gradient i.e. i=h/L.

9 - Question

Seepage pressure is important for which of the following purpose?
a) Stability analysis
b) Structral arrangement
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: The seepage structure is a vital importance in the stability analysis of earth structures subjected to the action of seepage.

10 - Question

The total head at any point on soil may be regarded as __________ per unit weight of water measured.
a) Velocity energy
b) Hydraulic potential
c) Potential energy
d) Piezometric energy
Explanation: Flow occurs between two points only when there is a difference in the potential energies or simply potential.

11 - Question

A combination of velocity potential (φ) and stream function (ψ) is called ___________
a) Velocity potential
b) Seepage pressure
c) Complex potential