Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Stress Condition in Soil :Effective and Actual Pressure
1 - Question
Total stress or unit pressure on a soil mass is ___________
a) Total load
b) Total surface area
c) Total volume
d) Total weight
Explanation: At any plane in a soil mass, the total stress or unit pressure is the total load per unit area.
2 - Question
At any plane, pore pressure is equal to ___________
a) Ratio of Piezometric head to weight of water
b) Equal to piezometric head times the unit weight of water
c) Ratio of weight of water to the piezometric head
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: u = hw × γw Pore pressure=piezometric head × weight of water.
3 - Question
Pressure transmitted from particles to the soil mass is called ___________
a) Neutral pressure
b) Effective pressure
c) Pore pressure
d) Capillary pressure
Explanation: Effective pressure ‘σ’ or intergranular pressure is the pressure transmitted from particle through their point of contact through the soil mass above the plane.
4 - Question
The neutral pressure does not have any effect on ___________
a) Shearing resistance
b) Shearing strength
c) Shearing stress
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: The neutral pressure does not have measurable influence on the mechanical property of the soils, such as shearing resistance.
5 - Question
The total pressure in a soil mass consists of _____________ distinct components.
Explanation: i. Effective pressure or intergranular pressure. ii. Neutral pressure or pore pressure, are the two components of total pressure.
6 - Question
The neutral pressure is transmitted through ___________
a) Soil particle
b) Pore fluid
c) Air particle
Explanation: As the neutral pressure should not have any effect on void ratio or property of soil, it is transmitted through pore fluid.
7 - Question
Total vertical pressure at any plane is equal to __________
a) σ = σ’ + u
b) σ’ = σ + u
c) σ = σ’ + v
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: Total vertical pressure at any plane is equal to the sum of effective pressure and the total pressure i.e. σ = σ’ + u.
8 - Question
Factor of unit cross-section χ, depends on ____________
a) degree of saturation
b) soil structure
c) stress change
d) all of the mentioned
Explanation: Factor of unit cross-section varies with the degree of saturation, soil structure, process by which the soil present degree of saturation and stress change.
9 - Question
For degree of saturation, it is recommended to take χ as ____________
_ a) 0
Explanation: For degree of saturation of S ≥90%, it is recommended to take χ as unity (i.e., 1).