Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

Separation Processes MCQ’s – Dialysis

1 - Question

What does haemodialysis removes other than harmful wastes?
a) Protein
b) Salt
c) Insulin
d) Glycogen
View Answer Answer: b
Explanation: Hemodialysis uses a machine to clean and filter your blood. The procedure also helps control blood pressure. And it helps your body keep the proper balance of chemicals like potassium, sodium, calcium, and bicarbonate, the NIDDK says.

2 - Question

Which part acts as a kidney in dialysis?
a) Dialyzer
b) Nephrolyzer
c) Kidneylyzer
d) Hemolyzer
View Answer Answer: a
Explanation: A dialyzer acts as a kidney in dialysis which purifies the blood.

3 - Question

How many times a week dialysis must be done?
a) Every day
b) Once a week
c) Twice a day
d) Thrice a week
View Answer Answer: d
Explanation: Dialysis is carried out thrice a week and it lasts for three hours.

4 - Question

Where is haemodialysis carried out?
a) Home
b) Hospital
c) Both dialysis centre and hospital
d) Dialysis centre
View Answer Answer: c
Explanation: Hemodialysis cannot be carried out at home.

5 - Question

What can be a side effect of haemodialysis?
a) Cramps
b) Weakness
c) Nausea
d) All of the mentioned
View Answer Answer:d
Explanation: Cramps, weakness and nausea are a side effect of hemodialysis.

6 - Question

Which mineral must be consumed limitedly for a person undergoing dialysis?
a) K
b) Fe
c) Zn
d) Mo
View Answer Answer: a
Explanation: Potassium levels can rise during dialysis treatment.Hence the intake of this mineral must be limited

7 - Question

Which of the following is a problem of peritoneal dialysis?
a) Nausea
b) Abdominal infection
c) Insomnia
d) Respiration problems
View Answer Answer: b
Explanation: If the catheter entering the body becomes infectious, then it can cause abdominal infection.

8 - Question

What is the difference between diet for peritoneal dialysis and haemodialysis?
a) More calories
b) More proteins
c) More calcium
d) More carbohydrates
View Answer Answer: b
Explanation: The diet for peritoneal dialysis requires more proteins.

9 - Question

What is the correct definition for dialysis?
a) Pumping of heart is enhanced
b) Liver enzymes are replaced
c) Waste materials are removed
d) Stomach is implanted
View Answer Answer: c
Explanation: When there is a failure of kidneys, dialysis is done where it removes waste from the body.

10 - Question

According to kidney dialysis, the space around the gut is called as:
a) Peritoneal cavity
b) Abdominal cavity
c) Vertebral cavity
d) Renal cavity
View Answer Answer: a
Explanation: The space around the gut is called peritoneal cavity.

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