Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Python MCQs

1 - Question

1. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f1():
x=15
print(x)
x=12
f1()```

a) Error
b) 12
c) 15
d) 1512

Explanation: In the code shown above, x=15 is a local variable whereas x=12 is a global variable. Preference is given to local variable over global variable. Hence the output of the code shown above is 15.

2 - Question

2. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f1():
x=100
print(x)
x=+1
f1()```

a) Error
b) 100
c) 101
d) 99

Explanation: The variable x is a local variable. It is first printed and then modified. Hence the output of this code is 100.

3 - Question

3. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def san(x):
print(x+1)
x=-2
x=4
san(12)```

a) 13
b) 10
c) 2
d) 5

Explanation: The value passed to the function san() is 12. This value is incremented by one and printed. Hence the output of the code shown above is 13.

4 - Question

4. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f1():
global x
x+=1
print(x)
x=12
print("x")```

a) Error
b) 13
c)

```13
x```

d) x

Explanation: In the code shown above, the variable ‘x’ is declared as global within the function. Hence the output is ‘x’. Had the variable ‘x’ been a local variable, the output would have been:
13
x

5 - Question

5. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f1(x):
global x
x+=1
print(x)
f1(15)
print("hello")```

a) error
b) hello
c) 16
d)

```16
hello```

Explanation: The code shown above will result in an error because ‘x’ is a global variable. Had it been a local variable, the output would be: 16
hello

6 - Question

6. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```x=12
def f1(a,b=x):
print(a,b)
x=15
f1(4)```

a) Error
b) 12 4
c) 4 12
d) 4 15

Explanation: At the time of leader processing, the value of ‘x’ is 12. It is not modified later. The value passed to the function f1 is 4. Hence the output of the code shown above is 4 12.

7 - Question

7. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f():
global a
print(a)
a = "hello"
print(a)
a = "world"
f()
print(a)```

a)

```    hello
hello
world```

b)

```    world
hello
hello```

c)

```    hello
world
world```

d)

```    world
hello
world```

Explanation: Since the variable ‘a’ has been explicitly specified as a global variable, the value of a passed to the function is ‘world’. Hence the output of this code is:
world
hello
hello

8 - Question

8. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f1(a,b=[]):
b.append(a)
return b
print(f1(2,[3,4]))```

a) [3,2,4]
b) [2,3,4]
c) Error
d) [3,4,2]

Explanation: In the code shown above, the integer 2 is appended to the list [3,4]. Hence the output of the code is [3,4,2]. Both the variables a and b are local variables.

9 - Question

9. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f(p, q, r):
global s
p = 10
q = 20
r = 30
s = 40
print(p,q,r,s)
p,q,r,s = 1,2,3,4
f(5,10,15)```

a) 1 2 3 4
b) 5 10 15 4
c) 10 20 30 40
d) 5 10 15 40

Explanation: The above code shows a combination of local and global variables. The output of this code is: 10 20 30 40

10 - Question

10. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```def f(x):
print("outer")
def f1(a):
print("inner")
print(a,x)
f(3)
f1(1)```

a)

```outer
error```

b)

```inner
error ```

c)

```outer
inner```

d) error

Explanation: The error will be caused due to the statement f1(1) because the function is nested. If f1(1) had been called inside the function, the output would have been different and there would be no error.

11 - Question

11. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```x = 5
def f1():
global x
x = 4
def f2(a,b):
global x
return a+b+x
f1()
total = f2(1,2)
print(total)```

a) Error
b) 7
c) 8
d) 15

Explanation: In the code shown above, the variable ‘x’ has been declared as a global variable under both the functions f1 and f2. The value returned is a+b+x = 1+2+4 = 7.

12 - Question

12. What will be the output of the following Python code?

```x=100
def f1():
global x
x=90
def f2():
global x
x=80
print(x)```

a) 100
b) 90
c) 80
d) Error

Explanation: The output of the code shown above is 100. This is because the variable ‘x’ has been declared as global within the functions f1 and f2.

13 - Question

13. Read the following Python code carefully and point out the global variables?

```y, z = 1, 2
def f():
global x
x = y+z```

a) x
b) y and z
c) x, y and z
d) Neither x, nor y, nor z