Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Primary Production of Milk Engineering MCQs

1 - Question

At 30℃, water has the viscosity of __________
a) 0.801
b) 1
c) 2
d) 6.29
Explanation: Water has the viscosity of 0.801 at the temperature of 30℃. Water at 20.2oC (68.4oF) has the absolute viscosity of one – 1 – centipoises.

2 - Question

Viscosity of milk and milk products is important in not determining __________
a) the rate of creaming
b) rates of mass and heat transfer
c) the flow conditions in dairy processes
d) spoilage rate
Explanation: Viscosity of milk and milk products plays an important role in determining the rate of creaming. It also helps in determining rates of mass and heat transfer and flow conditions in the dairy process.

3 - Question

Skim milk exhibit which of the following flow behavior?
a) Newtonian
b) Non Newtonian
c) Pseudo plastic
d) Diliant
Explanation: Skim milk has Newtonian behavior. It shows stress and strain directly corresponding to each other.

4 - Question

Viscosity of Skim milk depends on __________
a) Temperature
b) pH
c) Temperature and pH
d) Moisture
Explanation: Viscosity of Skim milk is dependent on temperature. The pH of milk also plays a vital role in determining the viscosity of skim milk.

5 - Question

Decrease in temperature of milk leads to _______ in viscosity.
a) Parabolic decrease
b) Linear decrease
c) Constant
d) Increase
Explanation: Cooler temperatures increase viscosity. This can be due to the voluminosity of casein micelles.

6 - Question

Temperatures above 65° C _______ viscosity of skim milk.
a) Parabolic decrease
b) Linear decrease
c) Constant
d) Increase
Explanation: In skim milk, temperatures above 65° C increase viscosity. This is due to the denaturation of whey proteins.

7 - Question

Cooled raw milk and cream exhibit which of the following flow behavior?
a) Newtonian
b) Non Newtonian
c) Sticky
d) None
Explanation: Cooled raw milk and cream show non-Newtonian behavior in which the viscosity is dependent on the shear rate.

8 - Question

Which of the following factors does not affect the viscosity of milk?
a) State and concentration of proteins
b) State and concentration of Fat
c) Temperature and Age of Milk
d) Spoilage
Explanation: Important factors that influence the viscosity of milk are State and concentration of protein. State and concentration of fat; Temperature of milk and Age of the milk also influence viscosity.

9 - Question

The unit of viscosity is __________
a) Gamma
b) Pascal
c) Poise
d) Bar
Explanation: The unit of viscosity is poise. Bar is the unit of pressure. Pascal is also a unit of pressure.

10 - Question

Lactose, whey proteins and milk salts have less contribution towards the viscosity of milk compared with the casein which alone is contributing substantially towards this property.
a) True
b) False
Explanation: The statement is true. Lactose, whey proteins and milk salts contribute less towards the viscosity. Casein contributes substantially towards this property.

11 - Question

The force required to maintain a relative velocity of 1cm/sec between two parallel planes placed 1 cm apart is called ________
a) acceleration
b) buoyancy force
c) viscosity d) flow
Explanation: The force required to maintain a relative velocity of 1cm/sec between two parallel planes placed 1 cm apart is called viscosity. It has a unit of poise.

12 - Question

Flow is a kind of __________
a) Breakage
b) Reversible deformation
c) Irreversible deformation
d) Liquid
Explanation: Flow is an irreversible deformation. Irreversible deformation can be defined as a state when a matter is not reverted to the original state when the force is removed.

13 - Question

Elasticity is___________
a) Breakage
b) Reversible deformation
c) Irreversible deformation
d) Liquid
Explanation: Elasticity is reversible deformation. Reversible deformation can be defined as a state when a matter is reverted to the original form after stress is removed.

14 - Question

Deformation force can be ______________
a) Breakage
b) Dynamic
c) Static and dynamic
d) Short
Explanation: The deformation forces which act on a solid body or a liquid can be Static: the force is acting constantly and its direction and magnitude are constant and dynamic: the magnitude and/or direction of the force(s) are variable as a function of time.

15 - Question

Viscosity varied ________ with temperature and _______ with fat content of milk.
a) Linearly and exponentially
b) Exponentially and linearly
c) Exponentially and exponentially
d) Linearly and linearly