Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Primary Production of Milk Engineering MCQs
1 - Question
Farm marketing cooperatives have been in existence since the early?
Explanation: An agricultural cooperative, also known as a farmers’ co-op, is a cooperative where farmers pool their resources in certain areas of activity. They have been into existence since 1800.
2 - Question
Federal Milk Marketing Orders affect prices consumers pay for fresh milk in grocery stores by?
a) Adjusting them according to demand
b) Adjusting them according to supply
c) Leaving them to be determined in the marketplace
d) Setting them only once yearly
Explanation: Federal Milk Marketing Orders (FMMOs) establish certain provisions under which dairy processors purchase fresh milk from dairy farmers supplying a marketing area. These orders leave the price determination to market hence affect effect prices consumer pay for fresh milk.
3 - Question
What percent of exported U.S. dairy products are sold without a subsidy?
a) 0 %
b) 50 %
c) 80 %
d) 95 %
Explanation: US dairy products are exported in large quantities. These exported products, about 5% have subsidy whereas the rest are exported without any subsidy.
4 - Question
Dairy farmers receive what percent of the sale of a half-gallon of milk?
a) 46 %
b) 15 %
c) 26 %
d) 96 %
Explanation: Dairy farmers receive prices based on the sale. They receive 26% of the price of a sale of a half-gallon of milk.
5 - Question
Demand for dairy products is typically the lowest in?
Explanation: Dairy products sales dips in winter whereas, it goes high in summer especially due to increased ice cream intake.
6 - Question
What percent of today’s youth consume the recommended amount of dairy products?
Explanation: Dairy products are recommended for body nutrition. Today’s youth just consumes 30% of the recommended intake of dairy products.
7 - Question
Milk that is used to make butter is classified as which class in Federal Orders?
a) Class I
b) Class II
c) Class III
d) Class IV
Explanation: Milk is classified into 4 classes according to federal milk marketing orders. Out of these four classes class IV milk is utilized in the making of butter.
8 - Question
Milk prices on average are the lowest in?
Explanation: Milk sales go down in winter. Yet the Milk prices average are recorded to be in spring.
9 - Question
The Federal Orders of today are based on the Agricultural Agreement Act of?
Explanation: Marketing agreements may contain more diversified provisions, but are enforceable only against those handlers who enter into the agreement. The AMAA was a piece of New Deal era legislation implemented for price stability and essential marketing functions in response to economic pressure faced by small farmers in the 1920s.
10 - Question
The practice that distributes payments for milk among the producers within a specific Federal Milk Marketing Order is called?
a) Pool pricing
b) Classified pricing
c) Support pricing
d) Differential pricing
Explanation: A milk pool is a financial pooling system used by dairy farmers to ensure that all dairy producers receive similar per-gallon payments for their product at or above a legally regulated minimum.
11 - Question
What piece of legislation made farmer cooperatives legal?
a) Sherman Act
b) Capper-Volstead Act
c) Farm Bill
d) Barkley Act
Explanation: Capper–Volstead Act, the Co-operative Marketing Associations Act was adopted by the United States Congress on February 18, 1922. It gave “associations” of persons producing agricultural products certain exemptions from antitrust laws.
12 - Question
To be labeled made with organic ingredients a dairy product must contain _________ percent or more organic ingredients.
Explanation: Processed products that contain at least 70 percent organic ingredients can use the phrase “made with organic ingredients” and list up to three of the organic ingredients or food groups on the principal display panel.
13 - Question
The reason that testing of milk is done in laboratories of the USDA Milk Market Orders is?
a) To assure safety of the supply
b) To provide an accurate accounting for amounts of milk solids sold in the order
c) To make sure food and drug law is followed
d) To provide data for the US Statistical Reporting Service
Explanation: In order to provide an accurate accounting for amounts of milk solids sold in the order testing of milk is done in laboratories of the USDA Milk Market Orders.
14 - Question
Milk traits, i.e. fat, protein, SNF, and etc), tend to have a heritability of about __________
a) Less than 10%
d) More than 50%
Explanation: Milk traits are heritable from one generation to another. The heritability in milk traits accounts to be 20-30%.
15 - Question
Cows treated with BST typically show an increase of __________ in daily milk production.
Explanation: Bovine somatotropin or bovine somatotrophin (abbreviated bST and BST), or bovine growth hormone (BGH), is a peptide hormone produced by cows’ pituitary glands. Like other hormones, it is produced in small quantities and is used in regulating metabolic processes. It increases milk production by about 10%.
16 - Question
What does NMPF stand for?
a) Northern Milk Producers Formulation
b) Never marry poor farmers
c) National Milk Producers Federation
d) National Milk Protein Foundation
Explanation: NMPF (National Milk Producers Federation) is a national milk marketing cooperative in the United States. It is owned by and serves nearly 15,000 dairy farmer-members representing more than 9,000 dairy farms in 48 states.
17 - Question
What does NFO stand for?
a) National Feed Organization
b) National Farmers Order
c) National Farmers Organization
d) National Flea Optimist
Explanation: The National Farmers Organization (NFO) is a producer movement when it was founded in the United States in 1955. Notoriety came in 1967 when it organized milk farmers to engage in a holding action to improve the price of milk paid to producers.
18 - Question
Who is the current U.S. Secretary of Agriculture?
a) Ann Veneman
b) Mike Johanns
c) Dan Glickman
d) Buddy L. Winny
Explanation: Mike Johanns Former Secretary of Agriculture www.usda.gov. Mike Johanns was sworn in as the 28th Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
19 - Question
What is the BFP?
a) Basic Formula Preparation
b) Basic Formula Price
c) Barely Feasible Profit
d) Butter Fat Price
Explanation: BFP is the Basic Formula Price. Federal milk marketing orders use the BFP as the mover for the price structure of regulated milk.
20 - Question
What percentage of whole milk is fat when compared on a dry matter basis?
a) About 10 percent
b) About 50 percent
c) About 25 percent
d) Exactly 100 percent
Explanation: Whole milk can be divided into fat and dry matter. Fat is almost 25% of milk when compared on a dry matter basis.
21 - Question
In a study of milk parlors conducted by researchers at the University of Florida, how did parallels perform when compared to herringbones?
a) They were twice as slow
b) Parallels out performed herringbones by nearly 8 percent
c) They performed the same
d) Herringbones out performed parallels by nearly 8 percent
Explanation: There was a study conducted for milk parlor at the University of florida. The results concluded that parallels out performed herringbones by nearly 8 percent.
22 - Question
What is GATT?
a) General Alien Tariff and Trade
b) General Agricultural Tariffs and Trades
c) General Agreement on Trades and Tariffs
d) General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
Explanation: General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas.
23 - Question
What does NFDM stand for?
a) Nonfat Dry Milk
b) No Fun Dairy Mandate
c) Nonfat Dairy Milk
d) National Forum of Dairy Milkers
Explanation: Nonfat dry milk and skimmed milk powder are very similar but are defined by two different sets of regulations and authorities. Both contain 5% or less moisture (by weight) and 1.5% or less milkfat (by weight). The difference is that skimmed milk powder has a minimum milk protein content of 34%, whereas nonfat dry milk has no standardized protein level.
24 - Question
What is CCC?
a) Caring Cats Corporation
b) Commodity Credit Corporation
c) Cow Chemistry Center
d) Crazy Cow Corporation
Explanation: The Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) is a Government-owned and operated entity that was created to stabilize, support, and protect farm income and prices. CCC also helps maintain balanced and adequate supplies of agricultural commodities and aids in their orderly distribution.
25 - Question
What is the USDEC?
a) United States Dairy Export Corporation
b) United States Dairy Export Center
c) United States Dairy Export Company
d) United States Dairy Export Council
Explanation: The U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC) is an organization which is non-profit, independent and that represents the global trade interests of U.S. dairy producers, proprietary processors and cooperatives, ingredient suppliers and export traders. Dairy Management Inc. founded USDEC in 1995 and, through the dairy check off program, is the organization’s primary funder.
26 - Question
When using a body condition scoring system of 1 to 5, what does a score of 5 represent?
a) Extremely thin
b) Average body condition
c) Extremely fat
d) Below average body condition
Explanation: This system concentrates its accuracy toward the mid-range scores (2.50 to 4.00), which includes most cows. This mid-range is the most critical for making management decisions. Scores of 1.00 denote a very thin cow, while 5.00 indicates an excessively fat cow.
27 - Question
What is FAS?
a) Finland Agriculture Service
b) Final Agriculture Service
c) Foreign Agricultural Service
d) Food and Agriculture Society
Explanation: The Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) is the foreign affairs agency with primary responsibility for the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) overseas programs—market development, international trade agreements and negotiations, and the collection of statistics and market information.
28 - Question
What are ways to avoid milk fever in cows?
a) Feed low-potassium hay and/or silage to dry cows
b) Adding anionic salts to the dry cow ration
c) Fasting dry cows two weeks before calving
d) Both Feed low-potassium hay and/or silage to dry cows and Adding anionic salts to the dry cow ration
Explanation: Management of the diet can be a valuable aid preventing milk fever. Cows should be kept on a low calcium diet while they are lactating (dry). Both Feed low-potassium hay and/or silage to dry cows and Adding anionic salts to the dry cow ration can help in the prevention of cow fever.
29 - Question
What should the pH of a close up Holstein’s urine be?
a) Between 1.0 and 2.0
b) Between 2.0 and 3.0
c) Between 6.0 and 6.5
d) Between 12.0 and 13.0
Explanation: For Holstein lactating cow urine pHs within a range of 6 to 6.5 should be recorded.
30 - Question
When feeding close-up cows a calcium deficient diet, which gland experience stimulation?
b) Parathyroid gland
d) Mammary gland
Explanation: Milk fever, postparturient hypocalcemia, or parturient paresis is a disease, primarily in dairy cattle, but also seen in beef cattle, characterized by reduced blood calcium levels.
31 - Question