Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Primary Production of Milk Engineering MCQs
1 - Question
What type of soap should be avoided when washing a dairy cow?
a) fragrant soap
b) soap with antimicrobial activity
c) soap with herbal treatment
d) soap with detergent
Explanation: The hindquarters, thighs and udder should be washed thoroughly before milking. It is advised to avoid detergent soap for washing.
2 - Question
What are dairy animals that are officially recorded in the breed association herd book called?
a) unregistered animal
b) token animal
c) unlicensed animal
d) registered animal
Explanation: A registered animal is officially entered on a register or list; formally recorded(of mail) sent using a Post Office service by which compensation is paid for loss or damage to mail for which a registration fee has been paid.
3 - Question
Most of what ingredient is removed from skim milk?
Explanation: Skim milk is basically milk having low percentage of fat. Thus, fat is removed from normal milk in order to make it skim milk.
4 - Question
The back of a dairy cow is made up of what two parts?
a) chine and loin
b) udder and skin
c) chine and udder
d) loin and bone
Explanation: Chine and loin make up the back of the dairy cow. These two are important for body balance.
5 - Question
What is the expected daily weight gain of a Holstein heifer calf from 200-800 pounds?
a) 1.5 pounds per day
b) 1.65 pounds per day
c) 1 pound per day
d) 2 pound per day
Explanation: Calf is the new born baby cow. It is observed that a calf generally gains 1 pound per day daily.
6 - Question
What is the condition in which large amounts of gas are trapped in a calf’s stomach and the stomach gets big?
Explanation: Bloating is the condition in which the stomach of the calf gets big. It is due to the air trapped inside the calf’s stomach.
7 - Question
Before entering the show ring, what is a question that the exhibitor should be prepared to answer about the animals? I. Birth date and sire II. Dam and breeding rate III. Date use to calve IV. Age
a) I. and II
b) II. And III
c) I, II, III, and IV
d) IV only
Explanation: Showman should have a lot of information about his cow. He is expected to know about birth date, sire, Dam, breeding rate, age etc of the cow.
8 - Question
What is the official record of registered animals of a breed kept by the breed association called?
a) cow book
b) bull book
c) heard book
Explanation: Registration is an important step to identify the cow. Official records of animal are kept in a heard book.
9 - Question
Milk that has all the water removed is called what?
a) powdered milk
c) flavor milk
d) condensed milk
Explanation: Milk has a high amount of water content. It can be removed with the help of dryer. The milk with all the water removed is powdered milk.
10 - Question
How many points are given to General Appearance on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
a) 10 points
b) 20 points
c) 35 points
d) 40 points
Explanation: General Appearance is one of the parameters on which the cow is judged. It has about 35 points.
11 - Question
What is the process called when a calf is switched from milk or milk replaced to water and dry feed?
Explanation: Weaning is the gradual introduction of a calf to what will be its adult diet and withdrawing the supply of its mother’s milk. The process takes place only in mammals, as only mammals produce milk.
12 - Question
What percent of a calf’s weight should it receive in colostrum the first 3 days?
Explanation: Calf should receive about 3% of its weight in colostrum. Colostrum is protein rich milk the mother produces.
13 - Question
In relation to the grain of the hair, which direction should the tail be clipped?
a) opposite to grain of the hair
b) with the grain of the hair
c) parallel to grain of the hair
d) no relation
Explanation: Rule of thumb is never clip against the grain of the hair. An ear should be clipped with the direction of hair growth while holding the ear firmly, with the ear flap laying flat on your fingers.
14 - Question
What are two pieces of information not kept in the Herd Book kept by the breed association?
a) animals registration name, birth date
b) registration name and number of its sire and dam
c) name of the breeder and birth date
d) no of udders and skin color
Explanation: Herd book has a lot of information about a particular breed. The information is regarding Animal but no of udders and skin color is not the part of this information.
15 - Question
What form of milk is made by the churning of whipping cream?
Explanation: Butter is a popular dairy product made from cow’s milk. It is composed of milk fat that has been separated by the churning of whipping cream from other milk components.
16 - Question
How many points does dairy character receive on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
Explanation: Dairy character has 20 points on Dairy Cow Unified Score card. It is one of the important aspects of judging.
17 - Question
How can extra colostrum be kept?
a) frozen in container
Explanation: Colostrum is an important source of nutrition to a calf. It can be stored in frozen form in the containers.
18 - Question
What is the minimum crude protein a good milk replacer should contain?
Explanation: Milk replacers have about 24% of crude protein. Milk replacer meets the nutritional needs of young calves and eliminates the disease and contamination risks of feeding waste milk.
19 - Question
When clipping the head and neck of a dairy animal, what two body points are used to clip forward of?
a) Forward of a line formed by the point of the shoulders and the front of the withers
b) Udders and shoulder
c) Back and front
d) Skin and udders
Explanation: Forward of a line formed by the point of the shoulders and the front of the withers should be clipped forward.
20 - Question
What is a dairy animal called which has parents or ancestors of different breeds?
c) same bred
d) cross bred
Explanation: A crossbreed or crossbred usually refers to an organism with purebred parents of two different breeds, varieties, or populations. In animal breeding, crossbreed describes crosses within a single species, while hybrid refers to crosses between different species.
21 - Question
What are the two types of dairy foods?
a) juice and cream
b) juice and cheese
c) cheese and yogurt
d) soda and cola
Explanation: Among the above categories cola, soda and juice aren’t dairy foods. Cheese and yogurt can be classified as dairy food.
22 - Question
On the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card, what is not the part of the four divisions?
b) general appearance
c) dairy character
Explanation: Cow is judged on various parameters. Age is not one of the parameters.
23 - Question
What is the advantage of blending colostrums from different cows?
a) wider range of antibodies
b) wider flavor range
c) enhanced taste
Explanation: Colostrum of different cows has different nutritional composition. Blending them provides the advantage of a wider range of antibodies to calf.
24 - Question
Which vitamin helps to stop bleeding by clotting the blood?
a) vitamin A
b) vitamin K
c) vitamin C
d) vitamin D
Explanation: Vitamin K helps in stopping the bleeding. It is present in milk.
25 - Question
Name a piece of equipment used to fit a dairy animal.
Explanation: clippers are used to fit cows. These highly durable clippers are the latest in an ergonomic design with non-slip polyamide finish, reducing operator fatigue and discomfort.
26 - Question
What is the reproduction cells from the two parents called?
a) egg and ovule
b) ovule and sperm
c) egg and sperm
d) steroid and egg
Explanation: Reproduction is a process of fertilization. Fertilization takes place between egg and sperm.
27 - Question
What dairy product is made by heating milk along with a substance called rennet?
Explanation: Cheese is a dairy product. It is made by heating milk and adding rennet.
28 - Question
How many points are given for body capacity on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
Explanation: Cows are judged on several parameters. The body capacity is judged for 10 points.
29 - Question
How many points are given for udder on the Dairy Cow Unified Score Card?
Explanation: Udders are also judged in scoring. They have 35 points in total.
30 - Question
How much should a calf gain the first month?
a) 1 pound per day
b) Half pound per day
c) 3 pounds per day
d) 5 pounds per day
Explanation: Calf should gain a lot of weight in the first month. The weight gain should be around 1 pound every day.