Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# MCQs on Slope

1 - Question

Slope in the beam at any point is measured in ____________
a) Degrees
b) Minutes
d) Metric tonnes

Explanation: The slope is defined as at any point on the bent beam is the angle measured in terms of radians to which the tangent at that point makes with the x axis.

2 - Question

Elastic curve is also known as __________
a) Refraction curve
b) Reflection curve
c) Deflection curve
d) Random curve

Explanation: An elastic curve is defined as the line to which the longitudinal axis of a beam deviates under given load. It is also called a deflection curve.

3 - Question

Which of the following method is not used for determining slope and deflection at a point?
a) Moment area method
b) Double integration method
c) Isoheytal method
d) Macaulay’s method

Explanation: The method “Isoheytal” can be used for calculating run-off over an area. The remaining methods are effectively adopted to calculate the slope and deflection at a point in any type of beam.

4 - Question

The slope is denoted by _______
a) k
b) y
c) i
d) c

Explanation: The slope at any section in a deflection beam is defined as the angle measured in radians to the tangent at the section makes with the original axis of the beam.
•It is denoted by “i”.

5 - Question

Calculate the slope at supports, if the area is 180kNm2. Take flexural rigidity as 50000.

Explanation: Maximum slope at supports be i = A/EI
= 180/50000

6 - Question

In cantilever beams, the slope is _____________ at fixed end.
a) Maximum
b) Zero
c) Minimum
d) Uniform

Explanation: The slope in cantilever beam is zero at the fixed end of the cantilever and the slope is maximum at it’s free end. The slope is determined in the moment area method through Mohr’s theorems.

7 - Question

Slope is maximum at _______ in simply supported beams.
a) Mid span
b) Through out
c) Supports

Explanation: In case simply supported beams, the slope is maximum at the end supports of the beam and relatively zero at midspan of a symmetrically loaded beam.

8 - Question

Mohr’s theorem- 1 states ________
a) E/AI
b) I/EA
c) A/EI
d) A=EI

Explanation: According to Mohr’s theorem-1, the change of slope between any of the two points on and Elastic axis is equal to the net area of bending moment diagram (A) between these two points divided by flexural rigidity(EI).

9 - Question

Using Mohr’s theorem, calculate the maximum slope of a cantilever beam if the bending moment area diagram is 90kNm2. Take EI = 4000 kNm2.

Explanation: The maximum slope at free support (in cantilever beam) = i = A/EI
= 90/4000

10 - Question

Contour canals are also called as ______
a) Single bank canal
b) Ridge canal
c) Side slope canal
d) Watershed canal

Explanation: In this method, the canal is aligned along the falling contour. A generally higher side is left without bank. So it is also called a single bank canal. The contour canal cuts across the natural drainage courses.

11 - Question

______________ provides employment to the cultivators at the time of famine.
a) Productive canal
c) Protective canal
d) Inundation canal

Explanation: The construction of protective canals and their development may be started during summer in hence they provide employment to the farmers at the time of drought and famine. Protective canals are not remunerative as productive canals.

12 - Question

______________ bricks are used in the lining of blast furnaces.
a) Magnesia
b) Dolomite
c) Bauxite
d) Fly ash

Explanation: Dolomite bricks are made especially from dolomite it contains nearly 30% lime and 22% of magnesium these bricks are inferior to magnesite bricks. They are generally used in the lining of blast furnaces.

13 - Question

_____________ bricks are resistant to corrosion.
a) silica bricks
b) magnesia bricks
c) bauxite bricks
d) fire bricks

Explanation: Bauxite bricks contain nearly 75% of aluminium and it is mixed with fire clay 15 to 30% and added some water to mould. High alumina bricks are resistant to corrosion.

14 - Question

_____________ bricks are used in the lining of electric furnace.
a) Frosterite
b) Spinel
c) Chrome
d) Basic

Explanation: The spinal bricks belong to neutral bricks. The spinel bricks mainly consist of alumina and magnesia. These bricks are widely used in the lining of electric furnace.

15 - Question

The finished product after burning magnesite is named as ___________
a) Perillax
b) Hellyx
c) Pyrolytaex
d) Syrilax