Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# MCQs on Similitude – Types of Similarities

1 - Question

Similitude is a concept applicable to the testing of _________
a) Mathematical models
b) Physical models
c) Engineering models
d) Chemical models

c
Explanation: Similitude is an essential concept that is applicable to the testing of basic engineering models. A model has a similitude with a real-time application. It shares the same geometry. Similarity and similitude are interchangeable at times.

2 - Question

Which among the following is the main application for Similitude?
a) Ships
b) Cars
c) Hydraulics
d) Train

c
Explanation: Similitude plays an important role in various applications. One of the major applications are hydraulics and aerospace engineering. Its main purpose is to test the fluid flow at different conditions of scaled model.

3 - Question

Which among the following is not a criteria to achieve similitude?
a) Geometric similarity
b) Kinematic similarity
c) Dynamic similarity
d) Conditional similarity

d
Explanation: The criteria required to achieve similitude are geometric similarity, kinematic similarity and dynamic similarity. All these similarities play a major role in regard with the real-time applications. Similarity and similitude are interchangeable at times.

4 - Question

A model of with same shape is__________
a) Geometric similarity
b) Kinematic similarity
c) Dynamic similarity
d) Conditional similarity

a
Explanation: Geometric similarity is a similarity that follows a real-time application. It is model that has the same shape for any sort of application. It is measured in scaled quantities.

5 - Question

Which among the following have similar fluid streamlines?
a) Geometric similarity
b) Kinematic similarity
c) Dynamic similarity
d) Conditional similarity

b
Explanation: In kinematic similarity, fluid flow of model and real-time application takes place. Here, the model and the real application must undergo similar time rates in motion changes. Thus, it has similar fluid streamlines.

6 - Question

Which among the following have the same forces acting on them?
a) Geometric similarity
b) Kinematic similarity
c) Dynamic similarity
d) Conditional similarity

c
Explanation: Dynamic similarities have the same forces acting on them. That means, the ratios of all the forces acting on the fluid particles are constant. Also, the ratio of the forces acting on the boundary surfaces are also a constant.

7 - Question

All the parameters in a similitude are described using_________
a) Continuum mechanics
b) Solid mechanics
c) Diesel mechanics
d) Aircraft mechanics

a
Explanation: A branch of mechanics that deals with the analysis of mechanical behaviour of materials and kinematics of materials. They are used for modelling purposes. It is modelled in continuous mass.

8 - Question

Physical similitude has exactly the same geometric shape of the prototype.
a) True
b) False

a
Explanation: Physical similitude is also called the similitude of shape. It is for modelling the same geometric shape as that of its prototype. Which means, that the shape will have to be divided by a scale factor.

9 - Question

Which among the following is a standard scale for a similitude?
a) 1:250
b) 1:50
c) 1:25
d) 1:100

c
Explanation: To design a similitude with a specific dimension, we must fix a scale. The standard system has fixed the scale as 1:25. This was fixed for an uniformity in dimensions.

10 - Question

In similitude, Fapplication=Fmodel*3.44
a) True
b) False