Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

MCQs on Respiratory System

1 - Question

Name the process of gaseous exchange in the body.
a) Lymphatic system
b) Respiration
c) Cardiovascular system
d) Respiratory system

View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Respiration is the process of gaseous exchange in the body while cardiovascular regulates the blood flow throughout the body.




2 - Question

Nose, larynx, pharynx, lungs, trachea, and bronchi are the parts of the respiratory system.
a) True
b) False

View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Respiratory system consists of all the organs which take part in the respiration. It includes bronchi, trachea, lungs, nose, larynx, and pharynx.




3 - Question

Which of the following is NOT the function of the respiratory system?
a) Regulate blood pH
b) Helps in gaseous exchange
c) Protection against blood loss
d) Contains receptors for the sense of smell

View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Respiratory system helps in regulation of blood, pH, and also contain receptors of smell, produces vocal sound and filter inspired air while cardiovascular system protects against blood loss by the formation of blood clots.




4 - Question

Which of this statement is TRUE for pulmonary respiration?
a) Exchange of gases between alveoli of lungs and the blood
b) Exchange of gases between blood and tissue cells
c) Breathing between the atmosphere and the alveoli of the lungs
d) Production of ATP

View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Pulmonary respiration is the exchange of gases between the alveoli of the lungs and the blood in the capillaries. Exchange of gases between blood and tissue cell occurs in internal respiration.




5 - Question

Which of the following controls the normal breathing process?
a) Amino acids
b) Cholesterol
c) Ventral respiratory group
d) Dorsal respiratory group

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Ventral respiratory group contains both inspiratory and expiratory neurons and controlled forced breathing while dorsal respiratory group contains only inspiratory neurons control normal breathing.




6 - Question

Oxygen and hemoglobin bind in a reversible manner to form______
a) Carboxyhemoglobin
b) Oxyhemoglobin
c) Methoglobin
d) BPG

View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Oxyhemoglobin is formed by the combination of oxygen and hemoglobin. Oxygen binds to the hemoglobin in a reversible manner. 98% of oxygen is trapped inside RBC.




7 - Question

How many oxygen molecules bound to hemoglobin to give 50% saturation?
a) 6
b) 4
c) 2
d) 7

View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Hemoglobin can bind with maximum 4 oxygen molecules, so for obtaining 50% saturation only 2 molecules of oxygen should be bound to hemoglobin.




8 - Question

What is the name of the gland which secrete melatonin?
a) Pituitary gland
b) Pineal gland
c) Thyroid gland
d) Hypothalamus

View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: Pineal gland is the smallest endocrine gland attached to the roof of the brain and secrete melatonin. Melatonin is responsible for settling of the biological clock.

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