Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# MCQs on Filters

1 - Question

What is a filter?
a) Frequency selective circuit
b) Amplitude selective circuit
c) Frequency damping circuit
d) Amplitude damping circuit

a
Explanation: A filter is a frequency-selective circuit. Filters are designed to pass some frequencies and reject others. Filters are used to reduce noise and increase selectivity.

2 - Question

What are filters created by using resistors and capacitors or inductors and capacitors called?
a) Active filters
b) Passive filters
c) Continuous filters
d) Differential filters

b
Explanation: Simple filters created by using resistors and capacitors or inductors and capacitors are called passive filters because they use passive components that do not amplify. In communication work, many filters are of the passive LC variety, although many other types are used.

3 - Question

What type of filter produces a predictable phase shift characteristic in all frequencies?
a) Band pass filters
b) High pass filters
c) Low pass filters
d) All pass filters

d
Explanation: An all pass filter passes all frequencies equally well over its design range but has a fixed or predictable phase shift characteristic. Filters normally attenuate the signal applied for some values of frequency whereas an all pass filter retains the signal level at all frequencies.

4 - Question

An RC coupling circuit is an example of what type of filter?
a) Low pass filter
b) High pass filter
c) Band pass filter
d) All pass filter

b
Explanation: An RC coupling circuit is an example of a high-pass filter because the AC component of the input voltage is developed across R and the DC voltage is blocked by the series capacitor. Furthermore, with higher frequencies in the AC component, more AC voltage is coupled.

5 - Question

What is the type of filter shown in the figure? a) Low pass filter b) High pass filter c) Band pass filter d) All pass filter

a
Explanation: The simplest form of low-pass filter is the RC circuit shown in the figure. The circuit forms a simple voltage divider with one frequency-sensitive component, in this case, the capacitor. At very low frequencies, the capacitor has very high reactance compared to the resistance and therefore the attenuation is minimum. Thus allowing lower frequencies to pass through while attenuating higher frequency signals.

6 - Question

Find the cut off frequency for an RC low pass filter of R=8.2Ω and C=0.0033μF?
a) 6KHz
b) 5.88KHz
c) 4.26KHz
d) 7.91KHz

b
Explanation: 7 - Question

What is the type of filter shown in the figure? a) Low pass filter
b) High pass filter
c) Band pass filter
d) All pass filter

a
Explanation: A low-pass filter can also be implemented with an inductor and a resistor. At very low frequencies, the inductor has very low reactance compared to the resistance and therefore the attenuation is minimum.Thus allowing lower frequencies to pass through while attenuating higher frequency signals.The cutoff frequency is determined by using the formula fco = R/2πL.

8 - Question

What is the value of resistor for a high pass RC filter to produce a cutoff frequency of3.4KHz if C = 0.047μF?
a) 654Ω
b) 1000Ω
c) 996Ω
d) 752Ω

c
Explanation: 9 - Question

Notch filters and band reject filters are the same.
a) True
b) False

a
Explanation: Notch filters are also referred to as bandstop or band reject filters. Band-reject filters are used to greatly attenuate a narrow range of frequencies around a center point. Notch filters accomplish the same purpose, but for a single frequency.

10 - Question

What is the value of notch frequency if the values of resistance and capacitance are 100 kV and 0.02 μF?
a) 79.6Hz
b) 21.5Hz
c) 82.4Hz
d) 40Hz

a
Explanation: 11 - Question

What is the loss the filter introduces to the signals in the passband called?
a) passband loss
b) Insertion loss
c) Attenuation

b
Explanation: Insertion loss is the loss the filter introduces to the signals in the passband. Passive filters introduce attenuation because of the resistive losses in the components. Insertion loss is typically given in decibels.

12 - Question

The attenuation rate is also called?
a) Roll off
b) Roll in
c) Envelope delay
d) Ripple