Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

MCQs on Biomes

1 - Question

Pyramid of numbers for grassland ecosystem is____________
a) Decreases
b) Lateral
c) Inverted
d) Upright

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: For a grassland ecosystem, the pyramid of number is upright as the number of organisms decreases at it moves to a higher trophic level.

2 - Question

Pyramid of number defines the individuals of each species belonging to trophic level in an ecosystem.
a) True
b) False

View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Each trophic level consists of different species, pyramid of number describes the individuals of different species present at each trophic level.

3 - Question

Which of the following statement is CORRECT about the pyramid of energy?
a) It is always upright
b) It is always inverted
c) It doesn’t exist
d) It varies with the trophic level

View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Pyramid of energy doesn’t vary with the tophic level, but it always remains upright. It actually reflects the law of thermodynamics, which indicates that loss of energy at each trophic level will transfer to the next trophic level.

4 - Question

Which of the following has a higher assimilation efficiency?
a) Omnivore
b) Herbivore
c) Carnivore
d) Detrivores

View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Carnivores have a high assimilation efficiency, but their production efficiency is lower than the herbivore.

5 - Question

. Which of the following ecosystem consists of forest, grassland and deserts?
a) Artificial ecosystem
b) Aquatic ecosystem
c) Natural ecosystem
d) Terrestrial ecosystem

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Ecosystems are of many types, out of which four most common ecosystems are: natural, terrestrial, aquatic, and artificial. Forest, grassland, and desert are examples of terrestrial ecosystem.

6 - Question

. Mark the one, which comes under a lotic ecosystem?
a) Ocean
b) Lake
c) Pond
d) River

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Aquatic ecosystem has been broadly divided into fresh and marine water ecosystem. In fresh water lotic means running water, i.e., river while lentic ecosystem consists of lake and pond.

7 - Question

Which of the following is inter-tidal zone between land and open sea?
a) Benthic zone
b) Pelagic zone
c) Neritic zone
d) Littoral

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Ocean has been divided into many regions depending on the penetration of light. Littoral zone present at the shoreline between land and sea and also known as inter-tidal zone.

8 - Question

Which of the following zone lies at the bottom of the sea?
a) Littoral
b) Benthic
c) Neritic zone
d) Pelagic zone

View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: On the basis of light penetration, the ocean has been divided into a photic and aphotic zone. Benthic and abyssal zone lies at the bottom of the ocean in the aphotic region.

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