Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Machine Dynamics MCQ – Turning Moment Diagram for a Multicylinder Engine

1 - Question

For a multicylinder engine, the moment of inertia of a flywheel is 6500 kg-m2, from the turning moment diagram, it is found that fluctuation of energy is 56000 N-m, if mean speed is 120 rpm, then find maximum speed.
a) 121
b) 119
c) 122
d) 118

Explanation: We know that ΔE= I ω2. Cs
= I ω. (ω1-ω2)
= 6500. 120x(2π/60)2(N1-N2)
N1-N2 = 2
N=120
Therefore, N1=121.

2 - Question

Multi cylinder engines are usually placed at an equal inclination to each other.
a) True
b) False

Explanation: In case of multi cylinder engines, the cylinders are placed in such a way that the performance of the engine is optimum hence placing them at equal inclination improves the performance.

3 - Question

Consider a three cylinder engine, the resultant turning moment diagram is the _____ of three cylinders.
a) Sum
b) Difference
c) Product
d) Independent

Explanation: For a multicylinder engine, the turning moment diagram is formed by combining the turning moment diagrams of individual cylinders.

4 - Question

For a multicylinder engine, the coefficient of fluctuation of speed would vary with _________
a) Number of cylinders
b) Remains unaffected
c) Length of connecting rod
d) Input temperature

Explanation: The coefficient of fluctuation depends only on the speed of the engine and is unaffected by the no. of cylinders.

5 - Question

For a 4 cylinder engine, if the minimum speed of the engine is half the maximum speed, then coefficient of fluctuation is _________
a) 0.5
b) 1.5
c) 2
d) 0.66

Explanation: Let N be the maximum speed, then minimum speed is N/2
mean speed = (N+N/2)/2 = 3N/4
Maximum fluctuation = N – N/2 = N/2
therefore coefficient of fluctuation = 2/3.

6 - Question

In the turning moment diagram of a multicylinder engine, the work done during exhaust stroke is by ______
a) The gases
b) On the gases
c) Piston wall
d) Valve

Explanation: During exhaust stroke, the area under the loop is negative. This indicates that the work is done on the gases and power has not been generated during the process.

7 - Question

For a 4 cylinder engine, when the pressure inside the cylinders exceeds the atmospheric pressure then.
a) Work is done by the gases
b) Work is done on the gases
c) Work is done on the piston wall
d) Work is done by the piston wall

Explanation: When the pressure inside the cylinders exceeds the atmospheric pressure then the area under the loop is positive. This indicates that the work is done by the gases.

8 - Question

The flywheel of a steam engine has a mass moment of inertia of 2500 Kg-m2. The starting torque of the steam engine is 1500 N-m and may be assumed constant, using this data find the angular acceleration of the flywheel in rad/s2.
a) 0.4
b) 0.6
c) 0.3
d) 1.2