Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Machine Dynamics MCQ – Turning Moment Diagram for a Multicylinder Engine
For a multicylinder engine, the moment of inertia of a flywheel is 6500 kg-m2, from the turning moment diagram, it is found that fluctuation of energy is 56000 N-m, if mean speed is 120 rpm, then find maximum speed.
Explanation: We know that ΔE= I ω2. Cs
= I ω. (ω1-ω2)
= 6500. 120x(2π/60)2(N1-N2)
N1-N2 = 2
Multi cylinder engines are usually placed at an equal inclination to each other.
Explanation: In case of multi cylinder engines, the cylinders are placed in such a way that the performance of the engine is optimum hence placing them at equal inclination improves the performance.
Consider a three cylinder engine, the resultant turning moment diagram is the _____ of three cylinders.
Explanation: For a multicylinder engine, the turning moment diagram is formed by combining the turning moment diagrams of individual cylinders.
For a multicylinder engine, the coefficient of fluctuation of speed would vary with _________
a) Number of cylinders
b) Remains unaffected
c) Length of connecting rod
d) Input temperature
Explanation: The coefficient of fluctuation depends only on the speed of the engine and is unaffected by the no. of cylinders.
For a 4 cylinder engine, if the minimum speed of the engine is half the maximum speed, then coefficient of fluctuation is _________
Explanation: Let N be the maximum speed, then minimum speed is N/2
mean speed = (N+N/2)/2 = 3N/4
Maximum fluctuation = N – N/2 = N/2
therefore coefficient of fluctuation = 2/3.
In the turning moment diagram of a multicylinder engine, the work done during exhaust stroke is by ______
a) The gases
b) On the gases
c) Piston wall
Explanation: During exhaust stroke, the area under the loop is negative. This indicates that the work is done on the gases and power has not been generated during the process.
For a 4 cylinder engine, when the pressure inside the cylinders exceeds the atmospheric pressure then.
a) Work is done by the gases
b) Work is done on the gases
c) Work is done on the piston wall
d) Work is done by the piston wall
Explanation: When the pressure inside the cylinders exceeds the atmospheric pressure then the area under the loop is positive. This indicates that the work is done by the gases.
The flywheel of a steam engine has a mass moment of inertia of 2500 Kg-m2. The starting torque of the steam engine is 1500 N-m and may be assumed constant, using this data find the angular acceleration of the flywheel in rad/s2.
Explanation: We know that T = I.α
T = 1500 Nm (constant )
I = 2500 kg-m2
therefore, &aplpha; = 15/25 = 0.6 rad/s2.