Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Machine Dynamics MCQ – Cams

1 - Question

The size of a cam depends upon
a) base circle
b) pitch circle
c) prime circle
d) pitch curve

Explanation: Base circle is the smallest circle that can be drawn to the cam profile.
Pitch circle is a circle drawn from the centre of the cam through the pitch points.
Prime circle is the smallest circle that can be drawn from the centre of the cam and
tangent to the pitch curve.

2 - Question

The angle between the direction of the follower motion and a normal to the pitch curve is called
a) pitch angle
b) prime angle
c) base angle
d) pressure angle

Explanation: It is the angle between the direction of the follower motion and a normal to the pitch curve. This angle is very important in designing a cam profile. If the pressure angle is too large, a reciprocating follower will jam in its bearings.

3 - Question

A circle drawn with centre as the cam centre and radius equal to the distance between the cam centre and the point on the pitch curve at which the pressure angle is maximum, is called
a) base circle
b) pitch circle
c) prime circle
d) none of the mentioned

Explanation: Base circle is the smallest circle that can be drawn to the cam profile.
Pitch circle is a circle drawn from the centre of the cam through the pitch points.
Prime circle is the smallest circle that can be drawn from the centre of the cam and
tangent to the pitch curve.

4 - Question

The cam follower generally used in automobile engines is
a) knife edge follower
b) flat faced follower
c) spherical faced follower
d) roller follower

Explanation: When the contacting end of the follower is of spherical shape, it is called a spherical faced follower. It may be noted that when a flat-faced follower is used in automobile engines, high surface stresses are produced. In order to minimise these stresses, the flat end of the follower is machined to a spherical shape.

5 - Question

The cam follower extensively used in air-craft engines is
a) knife edge follower
b) flat faced follower
c) spherical faced follower
d) roller follower

Explanation: When the contacting end of the follower is a roller, it is called a roller follower. Since the rolling motion takes place between the contacting surfaces (i.e. the roller and the cam), therefore the rate of wear is greatly reduced. In roller followers also the side thrust exists between the follower and the guide. The roller followers are extensively used where more space is available such as in stationary gas and oil engines and aircraft engines.

6 - Question

In a radial cam, the follower moves
a) in a direction perpendicular to the cam axis
b) in a direction parallel to the cam axis
c) in any direction irrespective of the cam axis
d) along the cam axis

Explanation: In radial cams, the follower reciprocates or oscillates in a direction perpendicular to the cam axis.

7 - Question

a) that reciprocates in the guides
b) that oscillates
c) in which the follower translates along an axis passing through the cam centre of rotation.
d) none of the mentioned

Explanation: When the motion of the follower is along an axis passing through the centre of the cam, it is known as radial follower.

8 - Question

Ofset is provided to a cam follower mechanism to
a) minimise the side thrust
b) accelerate
c) avoid jerk
d) none of the mentioned

Explanation: When the motion of the follower is along an axis away from the axis of the cam centre, it is called off-set follower.

9 - Question

For low and moderate speed engines, the cam follower should move with
a) uniform velocity
b) simple harmonic motion
c) uniform acceleration and retardation
d) cycloidal motion

Explanation: None

10 - Question

For high speed engines, the cam follower should move with
a) uniform velocity
b) simple harmonic motion
c) uniform acceleration and retardation
d) cycloidal motion

Explanation: Since with high speed engines, maximum acceleration is required and that is possible only through cycloidal motion.

11 - Question

Which of the following displacement diagrams should be chosen for better dynamic performance of a cam-follower mechanism ?
a) simple hormonic motion
b) parabolic motion
c) cycloidal motion
d) none of the mentioned

Explanation: Only cycloidal motion gives maximum acceletation. Hence, it is considered the most dynamic cam- follower mechanism.

12 - Question

The linear velocity of the reciprocating roller follower when it has contact with the straight flanks of the tangent cam, is given by
a) ω(r1-r2)sinθ
b) ω(r1-r2)cosθ
c) ωr1+r2)sinθsec2θ
d) ω(r1+r2)cosθcosec2θ

Explanation: Velocity = ωr1+r2)sinθsec2θ
where ω = Angular velocity of the cam shaft,
r1 = Minimum radius of the cam,
r2 = Radius of the roller, and
θ = Angle turned by the cam from the beginning of the displacement for contact of roller with the straight flanks.

13 - Question

The displacement of a flat faced follower when it has contact with the flank of a circular arc cam, is given by
a) R(1-cosθ)
b) R(1-sinθ)
c) (R-r1)(1-cosθ)
d) (R-r1)(1-sinθ)

Explanation: Displacement = (R-r1)(1-cosθ)
where R = Radius of the flank,
r1 = Minimum radius of the cam, and
θ = Angle turned by the cam for contact with the circular flank.

14 - Question

The retardation of a flat faced follower when it has contact at the apex of the nose of a circular arc cam, is given by
a) ω2×OQ
b) ω2×OQsinθ
c) ω2×OQcosθ
d) ω2×OQtanθ