Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Food Engineering MCQ’s – Unit Operations – Dehydration-1

1 - Question

Statement 1: Drying is used for preservation of food.
Statement 2: Convective drying is indirect drying and conductive drying is direct drying.
a) True, False
b) True, True
c) False, False
d) False, True
Explanation: Drying is used for preservation of food as the removal of moisture helps it stay longer. Conductive drying is indirect drying and Convective drying is direct drying.

2 - Question

On wet basis, the denominator stays constant whereas in moisture content on dry basis, the denominator changes.
a) True
b) False
Explanation: Wet basis involves the amount of moisture content also in the denominator which at different times will be different. Whereas, in dry basis analysis, the denominator is only the weight of the solid. Hence it does not change. Therefore, the correct sentence is – On dry basis, the denominator stays constant whereas in moisture content on wet basis, the denominator changes.

3 - Question

Moisture on dry basis cannot be more than a hundred percentage.
a) True
b) False
Explanation: In dry basis analysis, the denominator is only the weight of the solid. Hence it can be lesser than the overall moisture content which is the numerator. ((Weight of moisture present at any time)/(Weight of dry solid))

4 - Question

The x- axis is the moisture content on dry basis. The y-axis is the equilibrium moisture content. Which of the following shows Bound moisture content?
a) AIEG
b) GIBF
c) GFHC
d) EGHD
Explanation: AIEG represents the bound moisture content

5 - Question

The EMC-RH data is fitted to Henderson’s equation. Which of the following is true about the relative humidity with respect to food technology terminology?
a) It is also called water activity
b) It is irrelevant with respect to food technology
c) None of the mentioned
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: Relative humidity is also called water activity in food technology.

6 - Question

Drying rate curve is plot between _____ and _____
a) Critical moisture content, critical humidity
b) Critical moisture content, drying rate
c) Critical humidity, drying rate
d) Moisture content, drying rate
Explanation: Drying rate curve is plot between Moisture content and drying rate.

7 - Question

The point where the constant drying period changes to falling rate period is called _____
a) Equilibrium moisture content
b) Critical moisture content
c) Critical humidity
d) Bound moisture content
Explanation: The point where the constant drying period changes to falling rate period is called Critical moisture content.

8 - Question

Which of the following denotes gas phase mass transfer coefficient?
a) Sherwood number
b) Lewis number
c) Schmidt number
d) None of the mentioned
Explanation: Lewis number denotes gas phase mass transfer coefficient as the measurement of gas phase mass transfer is not that easy and needs to be depicted by a dimensionless quantity.

9 - Question

Statement 1: Removing of moisture content for grains in the food industry follows the thin layer model of drying bed.
Statement 2: The model for removing moisture from grains is computerized to find out the exact amount of time of exposure of grains for the removal of moisture.
a) True, False
b) True, True
c) False, False
d) False, True
Explanation: Removing of moisture content for grains in the food industry follows the thin layer model of drying bed. The model for removing moisture from grains is computerized to find out the exact amount of time of exposure of grains for the removal of moisture.

10 - Question

What does the thin layer model of drying beds in drying of grains depend on?
a) Temperature of air
b) Air flow
c) Initial moisture content
d) All of the mentioned
Explanation: Thin layer model of drying beds in the drying of grains depends on all of the mentioned points.

11 - Question

Cabinet tray dryers are not very effective as they do not completely strip off the moisture content from the food item. Hence, they need to be combined with another dryer for effective results.
a) True
b) False
Explanation: Cabinet tray dryers are not very effective as they do not completely strip off the moisture content from the food item. Hence, they need to be combined with another dryer for effective results.

12 - Question

Statement 1: Cabinet tray dryers are used for storing grains.
Statement 2: Cabinet tray dryers are used for low cost foods.
a) True, False
b) True, True
c) False, False
d) False, True