Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Flocculent and Dispersed Structures
1 - Question
The single grained structure is characteristic of fine-grained soils.
Explanation: The single grained structure is characteristic of coarse-grained soils. The honeycomb, flocculent and dispersed structures are found in fine-grained soils.
2 - Question
The behaviour of coarse-grained soils is not governed by ________
a) gravitational forces
b) mass energy
c) colloidal forces
d) interaction with pore fluid
Explanation: The particles of coarse-grained soils are sometimes called as bulky particles and these do not possess plasticity and cohesion. Their behaviour is primarily governed by gravitational forces and mass energy rather than colloidal forces.
3 - Question
The dispersed occurs in_______
b) remoulded clay
Explanation: Coarse-grained soils like gravel and sand form single grained structure. Fine sand and silts occur in honeycomb structure.
4 - Question
________ structure is highly compressible and less permeable.
d) Singe grained
Explanation: The dispersed structure has face-to-face contact in an approximately parallel manner having a lesser void ratio. Thus they have highly compressibility and less permeability. Whereas, the flocculent structures have low compressibility and high permeability.
5 - Question
Coarse grained skeleton is a structure of soil which is present in _________
a) fine grained
b) composite soil with large amount of coarse grained particles
c) composite soil with large amount of fine grained particle
d) coursed grained
Explanation: Coarse grained skeleton is a composite structure. Composite soil with a large amount of coarse grained particles form ‘coarse grained skeleton’. While composite soil with a large amount of fine grained particle form ‘clay matrix’.
6 - Question
Flocculated structure contains charged particles.
Explanation: The flocculated structure is present in clay particles with larger surface area. These are charged particles with positive charge on edges and negative charge on face.
7 - Question
Clay present in the marine area has ________
a) Flocculent structure
b) Dispersed structure
c) Honeycomb structure
d) Singe grained structure
Explanation: The salt present in the marine water acts as an electrolyte and thus reduces the repulsive forces between the particles which leads to the formation of the flocculated structure. The have high shear strength.
8 - Question
Flocculated structure is formed when there is a _______
a) net repulsive force
b) net attractive force
c) cohesive force
d) adhesion force
Explanation: The flocculated structure contains charged particles and these are formed when there is net attractive force between adjacent soil particles. The dispersed structure is formed when there is a net repulsive force.
9 - Question
________ is decomposed volcanic ash containing a high percentage of clay mineral.
c) Dune sand
Explanation: Moorum is gravel mixed with red clay. Peat is a highly organic soil which is highlt compressible and fibrous. Dune sand is non-plastic uniformly graded fine sand.