Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

Environmental Engineering MCQ – Hydraulic Elements of Circular Sewers

1 - Question

Which of the following is incorrect regarding circular sewer?
a) It is easily manufactured
b) It offers more opportunities for deposits
c) It is the most economical section
d) It has uniform curvature

View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The circular section has uniform curvature, so it offers less opportunities for deposits.




2 - Question

A circular section of sewer gives _______ area for a given perimeter.
a) Small
b) Large
c) Minimum
d) Maximum

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: A circular section of sewer gives a maximum area for a given perimeter and gives the greatest hydraulic mean depth when running full or half.




3 - Question

What is the wetted perimeter of a circular section of sewer?
a) (22/7) *D2
b) (22/7) *D
c) (22/7) *D2
d) (22/7)2 *D

View Answer

Answer: b
Explanation: The wetted perimeter of a circular section of sewer running full is (22/7) *D where D is the internal diameter of circular sewer.




4 - Question

The hydraulic mean depth of a circular section running full is __________
a)`D
b) D/2
c) D2
d) D/4

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: The hydraulic mean depth, R = Area of cross section / Wetted perimeter
= ((22/7) *D2/4) / (22/7) *D
= D/4.




5 - Question

 The proportional depth of a circular sewer running partially half is __________
a) (1-cosK/2)
b) (1/2) * (1-sinK/2)
c) (1/2) * (1-cosK/2)
d) (1-cosK/2)2

View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: Depth of flow d = (D/2) * (1-cosK/2)
Proportional depth = Depth of flow d / Diameter of section D = (D/2) * (1-cosK/2) / D
= (1/2) * (1-cosK/2).




6 - Question

 The proportional perimeter of a circular sewer running partially half where K is the central angle subtended at a circular section of sewer is __________
a) K/360o
b) K/90o
c) K/270o
d) K/180o

View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: Proportional perimeter of a circular sewer running partially half =
(22/7) *D*K/360o / ((22/7) *D) = K/360o.




7 - Question

The diameter of the circular sewer is 0.2m. The desired depth of flow is __________
a) 2/3 of the circular section of sewer
b) 1/3 of the circular section of sewer
c) 1/2 of the circular section of sewer
d) 1/4 of the circular section of sewer

View Answer

Answer: c
Explanation: When the diameter of the sewer is up to 0.4m, they are designed to flow at 1/2 depth.




8 - Question

The diameter of a circular sewer is 0.8m. The desired depth of flow is __________
a) 2/3 of the circular section of sewer
b) 1/3 of the circular section of sewer
c) 1/2 of the circular section of sewer
d) 1/4 of the circular section of sewer

View Answer

Answer: a
Explanation: When the diameter of the sewer is between 0.4m and 0.8m, they are designed to flow at 2/3 depth.




9 - Question

A circular sewer having 0.4m diameter is flowing with velocity 2m/Sec. If the gradient of sewer is 1 in 90. Find the value of Chezy’s coefficient?
a) 10
b) 30
c) 60
d) 40

View Answer

Answer: d
Explanation: Hydraulic mean depth, R = D/4 = 0.4/4 = 0.1m
Slope of sewer S = 1/100, velocity V = 1m/Sec
According to Chezy’s formula, V = C (RS) 1/2 = C* (0.1/90) 1/2 = C/30
C = V*30 = 2*30 = 60.

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