Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Data Structure MCQ – Binary Trees using Linked Lists

1 - Question

a) dynamic size
b) ease of insertion/deletion
c) ease in randomly accessing a node
d) both dynamic size and ease in insertion/deletion

Explanation: It has both dynamic size and ease in insertion and deletion as advantages.

2 - Question

a) Randomly accessing is not possible
b) Extra memory for a pointer is needed with every element in the list
c) Difficulty in deletion
d) Random access is not possible and extra memory with every element

Explanation: Random access is not possible with linked lists.

3 - Question

Which of the following traversing algorithm is not used to traverse in a tree?
a) Post order
b) Pre order
c) Post order
d) Randomized

Explanation: Generally, all nodes in a tree are visited by using preorder, inorder and postorder traversing algorithms.

4 - Question

Level order traversal of a tree is formed with the help of
b) depth first search
c) dijkstra’s algorithm
d) prims algorithm

Explanation: Level order is similar to bfs.

5 - Question

Identify the reason which doesn’t play a key role to use threaded binary trees?
a) The storage required by stack and queue is more
b) The pointers in most of nodes of a binary tree are NULL
c) It is Difficult to find a successor node
d) They occupy less size

Explanation: Threaded binary trees are introduced to make the Inorder traversal faster without using any stack or recursion. Stack and Queue require more space and pointers in the majority of binary trees are null and difficulties are raised while finding successor nodes. Size constraints are not taken on threaded binary trees, but they occupy less space than a stack/queue.

6 - Question

The following lines talks about deleting a node in a binary tree.(the tree property must not be violated after deletion)
i) from root search for the node to be deleted
ii)
iii) delete the node at
what must be statement ii) and fill up statement iii)
a) ii)-find random node,replace with node to be deleted. iii)- delete the node
b) ii)-find node to be deleted. iii)- delete the node at found location
c) ii)-find deepest node,replace with node to be deleted. iii)- delete a node
d) ii)-find deepest node,replace with node to be deleted. iii)- delete the deepest node

Explanation: We just replace a to be deleted node with last leaf node of a tree. this must not be done in case of BST or heaps.

7 - Question

What may be the psuedo code for finding the size of a tree?
a) find_size(root_node–>left_node) + 1 + find_size(root_node–>right_node)
b) find_size(root_node–>left_node) + find_size(root_node–>right_node)
c) find_size(root_node–>right_node) – 1
d) find_size(root_node–>left_node + 1

Explanation: Draw a tree and analyze the expression. we are always taking size of left subtree and right subtree and adding root value(1) to it and finally printing size.

8 - Question

What is missing in this logic of finding a path in the tree for a given sum (i.e checking whether there will be a path from roots to leaf nodes with given sum)?

```checkSum(struct bin-treenode *root , int sum) :
if(root==null)
return sum as 0
else :
leftover_sum=sum-root_node-->value
//missing```

a) code for having recursive calls to either only left tree or right trees or to both subtrees depending on their existence
b) code for having recursive calls to either only left tree or right trees
c) code for having recursive calls to either only left tree
d) code for having recursive calls to either only right trees

Explanation: if(left subtree and right subtree) then move to both subtrees
else if only left subtree then move to left subtree carrying leftover_sum parameter
else if only right subtree then move to right subtree carrying leftover_sum parameter.

9 - Question

What must be the missing logic below so as to print mirror of a tree as below as an example?

```if(rootnode):
mirror(rootnode-->left)
mirror(rootnode-->right)

//missing

end```

a) swapping of left and right nodes is missing
b) swapping of left with root nodes is missing
c) swapping of right with root nodes is missing
d) nothing is missing

Explanation: Mirror is another tree with left and right children of nodes are interchanged as shown in the figure.

10 - Question

What is the code below trying to print?

```void print(tree *root,tree *node)
{
if(root ==null) return 0
if(root-->left==node || root-->right==node) || print(root->left,node)
||printf(root->right,node)
{
print(root->data)
}
}```

a) just printing all nodes
b) not a valid logic to do any task
c) printing ancestors of a node passed as argument
d) printing nodes from leaf node to a node passed as argument