Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

Chemical Process Technology MCQ’s – Natural Products – Edible & Essential Oils

1 - Question

Which of the following is not edible oil?
a) Groundnut oil
b) Coconut oil
c) Cottonseed oil
d) Spearmint oil
View Answer Answer: d
Explanation: Groundnut oil, coconut oil, cottonseed oil are all edible oils whereas spearmint oil is an essential oil. Vegetable oil is used as synonym for edible oils.

2 - Question

Which fatty acid has high reactivity towards oxygen?
a) Stearic acid
b) Linoleic acid
c) Oleic acid
d) Linolenic acid
View Answer Answer: d
Explanation: Chemical formulas of Stearic acid, Linoleic acid, Oleic acid, Linolenic acid are C17H35, C17H33, C17H33, C17H29. As linolenic acid has highest degree of saturation, it has more reactivity towards oxygen.

3 - Question

Which of the following is not an activated nickel catalyst preparation reaction?
a) Ni(OH)2 + H2 → Ni+H2O
b) Ni(CO)4 → Ni + 4CO
c) 2Al·Ni + 6NaOH → Ni + 2NaAlO3 + 3H2
d) NiCO3 + H2 → Ni+H2O + CO2
View Answer Answer: b
Explanation: (OH)2 + H2 → Ni+H2O, 2Al·Ni+6NaOH → Ni + 2NaAlO3 + 3H2, NiCO3 + H2 → Ni + H2O + CO2 are reactions of producing activated nickel catalyst whereas Ni(CO)4 → Ni + 4CO is an equilibrium reaction.

4 - Question

Which solvent is used for the purification of oils?
a) Acetone
b) Ethanol
c) Propane
d) Butyl alcohol
View Answer Answer: c
Explanation: Propane is used as solvent for purification of oils because it is miscible with oil below 80°C and immiscible with color bodies and fatty acids around its critical temperature 96°C.

5 - Question

Which catalyst is used in the hydrogenation of oils?
a) Activated platinum
b) Activated rhodium
c) Activated palladium
d) Activated nickel
View Answer Answer: d
Explanation: Activated nickel catalyst is used in hydrogenating the oils. It is produced in various ways like decomposition of nickel formate, spongy method, and reduction of hydroxide or carbonate on inert catalyst.

6 - Question

Which distillation technique is used to remove sulfur containing compounds from the synthesis gas processes?
a) Cryogenic distillation
b) Steam distillation
c) Azeotropic distillation
d) Industrial distillation
View Answer Answer: a
Explanation: Cryogenic distillation technique or reactive metal guard converter are used in removal of sulfur containing compounds from synthesis gas process as they are poisonous for the hydrogenation catalyst.

7 - Question

What type of agitators is used in batch operation of hydrogenation of oils?
a) Anchor agitators
b) Propeller agitators
c) Turbine agitators
d) Helical agitators
View Answer Answer: c
Explanation: Batch hydrogenators use coils for heating and cooling, turbine agitators to disperse the injected hydrogen. They treat 5-30 tons of oil/batch.

8 - Question

Temperature maintained in batch hydrogenators is _______
a) above 200°C
b) below 200°C
c) 120-160°C
d) 180°C
View Answer Answer: b
Explanation: Temperature is maintained below 200°C in batch hydrogenators to avoid unnecessary side reactions like pyrolysis reactions and to prevent sintering of porous catalyst.

9 - Question

Which of the following statement is wrong?
a) Coconut oil is used for cooking
b) Linseed is mostly used in manufacture of paints and varnishes
c) Oil cakes are used as animal nutrition
d) Castor seed is used as cattle feed
View Answer Answer: d
Explanation: The wrong statement is that the castor seed is used in cattle feed. Actually castor seeds are used in the manufacture of soaps and in lubricant industry.

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