Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Chemical Industry MCQ’s – Inorganic Chemical – Water and Air
1 - Question
Dissolved salts of Ca and Mg which types of water impurity?
a) Hardness impurity
b) Soluble colour compounds
c) Insoluble matter impurity
Explanation: Ca and Mg bicarbonates are the hardness impurities of water and it can be reduced by boiling to precipitate insoluble carbonates, but from sediments. By chemical reaction or ion exchange also it can be removing.
2 - Question
In which types of conditioning process, synthetic resins are used?
a) Lime-soda process
Explanation; Synthetic resins are used for cation or anion exchange in ion-exchange process of conditioning process. Activated carbon adsorption is done in decolorization and deodorization.
3 - Question
Which one are the largest users of water by industry?
d) Power generation
Explanation: The largest users of water industry are-steel, oil refineries, pulp and paper. In processing, water is entering into or contacting manufactured products. Power generations, surface condensers and feed water.
4 - Question
Which raw material mentioned below is not required in lime soda process?
b) Light soda ash
Explanation: The three principal chemicals required for the lime-soda process are quicklime or hydrated lime, light soda ash contain (98% Na2CO3) and alum[Al2(SO4).xH2O]. Small amount of activated carbon also required.
5 - Question
Which compound is added to the cation exchanger in back flow?
a) Weak acid
b) Strong acid
c) High basic solution
d) Low basic solution
Explanation: In ion-exchange process, when the exchange capacity of the resin has been exceeded, the activity of the ion exchange resin can be readily regenerated by forcing the reverse reaction to occur. Strong acid is added to the cation exchanger in back flow and highly basic solution is added to the anion exchange resin.
6 - Question
What is the distillation method of obtaining fresh water from saline waters?
a) Solvent extraction
b) Reverse osmosis
c) Vapor recompression
d) Hydrocarbon hydrates
Explanation: Evaporation or distillation method of obtaining fresh water from saline waters are- Single stage flash, vapour recompression, multistage flash while freezing or crystallization process is indirect refrigeration and hydrocarbon hydrates.
7 - Question
Why moderators are used in nuclear process?
a) To absorption of neutrons
b) To increase the reaction rate
c) To provide collision
d) To increase the temperature
Explanation: Moderating materials are required if the absorption of neutrons is to take place at or near the environmental temperature of the reactor. The fission neutrons liberated are extremely high energy and must be moderated to environment temperature by non-absorption type collision with moderating materials.
8 - Question
What is the disadvantage of vapour compression?
a) Less no of evaporator
b) Less energy requirements
c) High pressure steam
d) Use of inert
Explanation: Disadvantages of vapour compression are high priced energy in the form of electricity or high pressure steam is needed for operating the compressor
9 - Question
Which cost is mainly appear in producing freshwater from seawater?
a) Capital cost
b) Operating cost
c) Optimum cost
d) Energy cost
Explanation: The two main costs in producing freshwater from seawater are – energy costs, fixed charges on investment. These are closely related in an economic balance. If one tries to reduce energy cost, the investment costs are invariably increased.
10 - Question
Which component is responsible for killing bacteria in water?
a) Low concentration of OH-
b) High concentration of OH-
c) High concentration of acid
d) Low concentration of acid
Explanation: Because of the higher concentration of hydroxide ion maintained to kill bacteria and insure a reasonable removal of Mg as Mg(OH)2, this effluent water must be re-carbonated to neutralize the excess alkalinity.