Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Chemical Industry MCQ’s – Inorganic Chemical – Cement and Lime
1 - Question
Which type of cement is used for brick mortar composition?
a) Portland cement
b) High alumina
c) Hydraulic lime
Explanation: Hydraulic lime is used only for brick mortar composition, low price and strength. Pozzolana cement is mixture of volcanic ash, burnt clay or shale in 2-4 parts with hydrated lime.
2 - Question
Which type of cement is manufactured by fusing limestone and bauxite?
a) Regular type portland cement
b) High alumina
c) Magnesium oxychloride
d) Portland cement
Explanation: High alumina cement is manufactured by fusing limestone’s and bauxite; rapid rate of high strength development to high values but with high heat rate liberation; superior resistance to sea and sulphate waters.
3 - Question
Which unit operation mentioned below is not involved in cement rock beneficiation?
Explanation: The unit operations which are involved in cement beneficiation are grinding, classification, flotation, thickening etc. Rock is wet-ground, fed to a hydro separator where the overflow goes directly to the final thickener.
4 - Question
Why cement beneficiation is done?
a) To remove silica and iron content
b) To remove silica and aluminum content
c) To remove silica and sulfur content
d) To remove silica and magnesium content
Explanation: Much of the locally available limestone has too high a silica and iron content for direct use in cement manufacture. These undesirable constituents can be removed by ore dressing or beneficiation methods which are based on fluid mechanics and adsorption
5 - Question
Why dry grinding process is preferred in the Portland cement production?
a) Savings in heat
b) High pressure
c) High grade
d) Low pressure
Explanation: Dry grinding process is predominant than wet grinding process because of savings in heat (less water to evaporate) and accurate control is possible. The sequence may include rough crushing.
6 - Question
Which lime has this criteria- Calcium>90%CaO?
a) Slaked lime
b) Hydraulic lime
d) Only lime
Explanation: Quicklime: high calcium(>90% CaO); low magnesium (5-25% MgO), dolomitic (25-40% MgO). Hydraulic lime and slaked lime contain Ca(OH)2 and MgO-Mg(OH)2 in varying percentage.
7 - Question
Which raw material is used in the hydrated lime process?
Explanation: Pure quicklime is used as raw material in hydrated lime process. Quicklime lump, crushed to 2 cm or less, is added along with water or steam to a vertical cylindrical pug mill containing 18-24 extended horizontal arms.
8 - Question
CaO(s) + H2O -> Ca(OH)2 -where this chemical reaction occur?
a) Calcination limestone
b) Portland cement production
c) Cement rock beneficiation
d) Hydrated lime
Explanation: In hydrated lime process, quicklime reacts with water and the product from this complete reaction is light, dry slaked lime which is classified by screen or air separators to remove any overburned lime that did not hydrated.
9 - Question
Which one mentioned below is not a raw material used in the Portland cement production?
Explanation: Quantitative requirements of Portland cement production are- clay-0.1 to 0.3 ton, limestone 1.2to1.3 tone, gypsum- 0.03 to 0.05, coal-0.25 to 0.40 and water is 3 tons required.
10 - Question
What is “x” in the following flow chart?
a) Rotary kiln
c) Waste- heat boiler
d) Rake classifier
Explanation: In Portland cement production, dry powdered feed or wet slurry is fed to the direct-fired counter-current rotary kiln. The residence time is 1-3 hours and the feed mixture is decarbonated and fused to form the cement compounds.