Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

# Capillary Siphoning

1 - Question

To check the seepage of water through the body of dam, the core provided is ________
a) pervious
b) semi-pervious
c) impervious
d) hollow
Explanation: The core of the dam is provided with an impervious material to prevent the seepage of the water through the core. If a pervious material is used, then the whole structure would easily collapse.

2 - Question

To check the seepage of water through the body of dam, the outer shells of dam provided is ________
a) pervious
b) semi-pervious
c) impervious
d) hollow
Explanation: The outer shells of the dam are made of highly pervious granular soil so as to check the seepage through it. The water can rise through the capillary action through the voids of the dry soil.

3 - Question

The capillary forces can rise the water in the capillary tube against the gravity force.
a) True
b) False
Explanation: Capillarity is the phenomenon of movement of water through narrow spaces due to capillary forces. In capillary rise of water, it will hang in tension in capillary tube.

4 - Question

The maximum capillary rise at 20°C is given by ________ cm.
a) 0.1234/d
b) 0.2975/d
c) 0.3857/d
d) 0.3084/d
Explanation: The maximum capillary rise is given by, (hc)max=4Ts/(γwd) At 20°C, Ts=72.8 dynes/cm and γw=9.78kN/m3 ∴ (hc)max=4*72.8 *10-8/(9.78*10-6* d) ∴ (hc)max=0.2975/d cm.

5 - Question

With increase in temperature, the capillary rise _______
a) decreases
b) increases
c) has no change
d) does not depend on temperature
Explanation: As the surface tension decreases with the temperature increase, the capillary rise which is directly proportional to the surface tension, would decrease with the increase in the temperature.

6 - Question

What will be the maximum capillary rise at 20°C, if the diameter of the capillary tube is 1 cm?
a) 0.1234 cm
b) 0.2975 cm
c) 0.3857 cm
d) 0.3084 cm
Explanation: Given, Diameter d=1cm At 20°C, (hc)max=0.2975/d cm ∴ (hc)max=0.2975/1 cm ∴ (hc)max=0.2975 cm.

7 - Question

The capillary siphoning will take place if the top of the core is situated at height y _______ which is above H.F.L.
a) greater than capillary rise hc
b) lesser than capillary rise hc
c) equal to capillary rise hc
d) zero
Explanation: When the height of impervious core of the earth dam is less than that of the capillary rise, then due to the capillary action, the water from one side of the dam will move to the other side over the impervious core by a phenomenon known as capillary siphoning.

8 - Question

What will be the maximum capillary rise at 4°C, if the diameter of the capillary tube is 1 cm?
a) 0.1234 cm
b) 0.2975 cm
c) 0.3857 cm
d) 0.3084 cm