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# Aerodynamics – Nonlifting Flow over Cylinder

1 - Question

A combination of uniform flow and doublet flow gives ______________

a) flow past a circular cylinder

b) flow past a wedge

c) flow past a plate

d) flow over any body

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Answer: a

Explanation:

In the above figure, the first diagram shows the uniform flow whereas, the second one shows the doublet flow (source sink combination of equal strength). The combination of these two leads to the flow past a cylinder.

2 - Question

The stream function can be obtained by _______

a) sum of stream function of uniform flow and doublet flow

b) difference of stream function of uniform flow and doublet flow

c) sum of stream function of uniform flow and source flow

d) sum of stream function of uniform flow and sink flow

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Answer: aExplanation: The stream for the resultant flow can be given by the sum of stream function of uniform flow and doublet flow. Here we need to consider cylindrical coordinates. Mathematically, Ψ = U*y + ((-u/2*pi*r)*sin θ.

3 - Question

The flow past cylinder is also called as _________

a) Vortex flow

b) Source flow

c) Rankine oval of equal axes

d) Newton’s ring

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Answer: cExplanation: The flow past cylinder is called a Rankine oval of equal axes as it was discovered by Rankine and also the flow parameters on the upper and lower surface of the doublet flow remains the same.

4 - Question

The shape of Rankine oval of equal axes can be found out by substituting ______________

a) Ψ=0

b) Ψ=1

c) U=0

d) U=1

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Answer: aExplanation: The shape of the Rankine oval of equal axes can be given by substituting the stream function as zero in the equation Ψ = U*y + ((-u/2*pi*r)*sin θ. This gives us two different solutions for which the shape of oval varies.

5 - Question

What will be the shape of Rankine oval when sin θ=0?

a) vertical line

b) horizontal line

c) a point

d) curve

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Answer: bExplanation: The shape of the Rankine oval of equal axes can be given by substituting the stream function as zero in the equation Ψ = U*y + ((-u/2*pi*r)*sin θ. When sin θ=0, θ=0, then a horizontal line through the origin of the doublet is formed and it is x-axis.

6 - Question

What will be the shape of Rankine oval when U*y+ ((-u/2*pi*r) = 0?

a) open curve

b) closed body profile

c) straight line

d) point

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Answer: bExplanation: The shape of the Rankine oval of equal axes can be given by substituting the stream function as zero in the equation Ψ = U*y + ((-u/2*pi*r)*sin θ. When U*y+ ((-u/2*pi*r) =0, a closed profile body is a circular cylinder of radius R with the centre on the doublet.

7 - Question

The amount of lift generated in the flow over a cylinder is __________

a) Infinity

b) Positive lift

c) Negative lift

d) No lift

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Answer: dExplanation: The pressure distribution over the top of the cylinder is exactly balanced the lower of the cylinder and also, the pressure distribution over the front of the cylinder is balanced by the pressure over the back of the cylinder and hence no lift is generated.

8 - Question

In real life, zero drag is acceptable.

a) True

b) False

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Answer: bExplanation: In real life, zero drag is not acceptable because we know that drag is produced due to viscous effects which generate frictional shear stress at the body surface and which cause the flow to separate from the surface on the back of the body and thus large wake downstream is created destroying the symmetry of the flow.