Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions

Aerodynamics – Incompressible Flow in Duct

1 - Question

The flows in which all the flow parameters are the function of ‘x’ is called as _________
a) 3D flow
b) 2D flow
c) Quasi 1D flow
d) Quasi 2D flow
Explanation: Generally, the flow field properties are uniform across any cross section and hence, they vary only in x-direction. All the flow parameters are assumed to be the function of x. A=A(x), V=V(x), p=p(x) and since they vary only in one direction they are called quasi 1D flow.

2 - Question

Incompressible flow is the one in which density is ___________
a) 0
b) constant
c) varies from point to point
d) negligible
Explanation: In incompressible flow, the density remains constant because of which the fluids cannot be compressed and are called as incompressible fluids. Water is the best example of incompressible fluids. But still some extent we can compressible water.

3 - Question

In a wind tunnel, the section with minimum area is called as __________
a) exit
b) nozzle
c) inlet
d) throat
Explanation: When the flow enters the wind tunnel (convergent-divergent) with a velocity V1 and pressure P1. The velocity increases and the pressure decreases at the minimum area section called the throat. Pressure is minimum at the throat.

4 - Question

The below figure shows which of the following wind tunnel?

a) Convergent duct
b) Divergent duct
c) Convergent-divergent duct
d) Simple duct

Explanation: The velocity increases in the convergent duct (V1) and the reaches V2 at the throat and the pressure becomes minimum at the throat condition. In the divergent section, the velocity decreases and the pressure begin to increases.

5 - Question

In a venturi duct, the pressure at throat is __________
a) lower than ambient pressure
b) equal to ambient pressure
c) greater than ambient pressure
d) 0
Explanation: It is the characteristics of the venturi duct that the pressure at the throat is lower than the pressure at the inlet (ambient pressure). Because of this characteristic, it has many applications in the aerodynamics.

6 - Question

The carburetor of an automobile engine makes use of _____
a) venturi duct
b) convergent duct
c) divergent duct
d) wind tunnel
Explanation: In venturi duct, the pressure at the throat(p2) is lower than the pressure at the inlet(p1). The pressure difference p2-p1 helps to force the fuel into the airstream and mix it with the airstream downstream of the throat.

7 - Question

Which of the following parameter can be measured using venturi?
a) temperature
b) velocity
c) volume
d) density
Explanation: Using venturi, velocity can be measured. We can calculate the pressure difference using venturi. In the duct, we can place pressure gauge which will directly give us the pressure difference (p2-p1). This pressure difference can be related to velocity using Bernoulli’s equation and hence, the velocity can be calculated.

8 - Question

Which of the following is an application of incompressible flow in a duct?
a) High speed wind tunnel
b) Low speed wind tunnel
c) Flow in air
d) Cannot be said
Explanation: Low speed wind tunnel is a large venturi where the airfoil is driven by a fan connected to some type of motor drive. The wind tunnel fan is similar to the propeller of an aircraft and is designed to draw the airflow through the tunnel circuit.

9 - Question

The open circuit wind tunnel is similar to venturi duct ______
a) True
b) False
Explanation: In an open circuit wind tunnel, the air is directly drawn from the atmosphere, and again sent back to the atmosphere. Also, the velocity at the inlet is greater than exhaust and the pressure is greater at the exhaust.

10 - Question

Inside a wind tunnel, the area further decreases from A2 to A3, that section is called as _______
a) Converging section
b) Divergent section
c) Throat section
d) Nozzle