Engineering Questions with Answers - Multiple Choice Questions
Aerodynamics – Area-Velocity Relation
1 - Question
Sonic flow exists at the throat of an equilibrium chemically reacting nozzle flow?
Explanation: According to the area-velocity relation for a quasi one-dimensional flow, the relation is given as:
For sonic flow, Mach number = 1. Therefore for M=1 we get dAA=0, thus sonic flow does exist for an equilibrium reacting nozzle flow at the throat.
2 - Question
For a subsonic flow, what should be the value of dA to get flow acceleration?
Explanation: According to the area-velocity relation for a quasi one-dimensional flow, when the flow is subsonic Mach number is less than 1 resulting in the quantity M2-1 being negative. Therefore for achieving accelerated flow, dA has to be negative.
3 - Question
For which of these flows do we need a divergent duct to increase the velocity of the flow?
a) Subsonic flow
b) Supersonic flow
c) Hypersonic flow
d) Sonic flow
Explanation: The area-velocity relation is given by: dAA=(M2-1)duu According to this formula, for supersonic flows the value of M2-1 is positive since M > 1. Thus, with increasing cross-sectional area, the velocity increases. Increasing area is achieved by convergent duct.
4 - Question
What happens to the velocity of the supersonic flow in the convergent duct?
c) Remains the same
d) Changes periodically
Explanation: Since the supersonic flows have Mach number greater than 1, the value of M2-1 is positive. According to the area-velocity relation, for a convergent duct in which dA is negative, the velocity decreases.
5 - Question
What is the minimum area of a duct known as?
b) Minimum area duct
c) Convergent duct
d) Divergent duct
Explanation: In a nozzle which is designed to achieve supersonic speed, there’s both converging and diverging section which is used to accelerate the flow. There is a minimum area point in the duct where Mach number reaches 1. This minimum area place in a duct is known as the throat.
6 - Question
Which equation is obtained when Mach number is equated to zero in area-velocity relation?
a) Momentum equation
b) Continuity equation
c) Energy equation
d) Bernoulli’s equation
Explanation: The area-velocity relation is given by: dAA=(M2-1)duu In the above equation if we substitute M=0 we get, dAA=−duu On integrating this equation we get: Au=constant This is the continuity equation for incompressible flow in a duct
7 - Question
The trends of velocity change in a duct for both subsonic and supersonic flow are identical.
Explanation: For a flow in a duct, both supersonic and subsonic flows show opposite trends. For a subsonic flow (M 1), the flow increases in a divergent duct and decreases in the convergent duct.